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The Wormwood Saga

Lucid Dreaming

The moment you realize you're dreaming, you have started lucid dreaming. Approximately 50% of people have had a lucid dream and ~20% have lucid dreams frequently. Waking limitations no longer apply so many people use this opportunity to literally explore their wildest dreams. Flying, transforming, the only limitations are one's imagination and skill set. Science shows lucid dreaming to be a skill, meaning basically everyone can experience it and improve with practice. This mental training is similar to physical training: specific practices are needed to achieve specific results. To learn more, explore this Library or book a FREE 30-min lucid dream coaching session.

image credit: The Wormwood Saga

"Dreams are a part of us whether we remember them or not, thus lucid dreaming is a journey of self-discovery." -Anonymous

Odds 1 to 10 you're dreaming

Odds are 1 to 10 you are dreaming right now!

Everyone (barring brain damage) has multiple dreams every night, even if they can't remember them in the morning. Many dreams, especially the vivid ones, occur during the REM stage of sleep. During 8 hours of sleep, we spend roughly 2 hours in the REM stage. This means that each day 2 out of the 24 hours are spent in a dream. Thus far, a majority of the recorded lucid dreams have occurred within the REM stage, so if you are trying to induce lucid dreaming then it's wise to aim for this stage. 

credit: Luke Mastin

However, dreams happen in the NREM stages of sleep, too. These NREM dreams are more difficult to remember and are not as detailed as REM dreams, but they do exist. And anytime there are dreams, there can be lucid dreams. In fact, there have been a couple reported cases of lucid dreaming in NREM stages (click here), but they seem much more rare than REM lucid dreams. So if 1 out of 12 hours are spent in REM, and even more so in NREM, the odds are roughly 1 to 10 that you're in a dream right now!

"...[reality-testing] could perhaps be considered the defining behavior (and mindset) that distinguishes

a lucid dreamer from the population at large." -Daniel Love


How do I tell if I'm dreaming or not?

Start by asking yourself, "Am I dreaming?" Most of us never question whether or not we are dreaming during our waking lives and this mental habit carries over to our dreaming lives as well. To change this mental habit, start frequently questioning whether or not you are dreaming and you will start asking yourself this question during your dreams. Although to become lucid in these dreams, you must answer this question correctly! There are a few quick "reality-tests" you can do to help determine if you're in a dream, but no test is reliable 100% of the time so you should always use more than one each time you check. On the right side are some of the most reliable reality-checks. 

  • triple-take = look at a word or number, look away, & look back. If you're dreaming, chances are >75% that it will have changed. Do it again & the chances are >95% it will change if you're dreaming

  • nose-pinch = pinch your nose shut & try to inhale through your nostrils. Can you? If you can, then you're dreaming, but this doesn't work every time

  • blast-from-the-past = try to trace back what you've done for the past 24 hours. Can you remember the sequence of events & details? If you can't, then there's a possibility you might be dreaming

Check out the Websites section for more FREE info & other induction techniques

"If you can become lucid in your daytime experience, this will greatly facilitate lucidity when you're dreaming." -B. Wallace, PhD

Lucid Awareness

Have you ever been bored and started to fantasize? We all mentally drift off and daydream at various times, showing that awareness fluctuates.

One's level of awareness could also be called one's level of lucidity. The word lucid at its root means clear, so lucid awareness essentially means clear awareness. This type of awareness is similar to mindfulness (a non-judgmental awareness of the present moment) and it can happen at anytime, day

or night. When this lucid awareness happens during dreaming, the result is lucid dreaming. Check out the section below for more information on all how all these concepts interconnect with one another.

"Meditation when practiced intensively will also benefit a lucid dreamer's capacity to prolong the lucid dream"- Michael Katz, PsyD

Lucid Awareness

Mindfulness, Meta-Awareness, and Lucidity

Mindfulness is generally described as a non-judgmental awareness of the present moment, and meta-awareness as an awareness of awareness. This means that mindfulness practices are, at their core, practices of meta-awareness. Lucid dream practice is, in essence, about practicing mindfulness and meta-awareness with only a slight twist.

lucid dreaming EOG EMG & EEG

Lucid dreaming is different from meta-awareness because it goes beyond to include an insight into one's awareness. It is also different from mindfulness because lucid dreaming is an insightful awareness of the present moment during dreaming. To become lucid while dreaming, the person must have enough insight to be aware the current experience is a dream.

Self-awareness is a type of meta-awareness, but focused on the self.

Lucid awareness is a type of self-awareness but goes a step further by incorporating insights. Am I lucid? How lucid am I? Like awareness, lucidity constantly fluctuates. There are meditation practices aimed at increasing and maintaining lucid awareness throughout sleeping and dreaming states. For more information on these practices, look into Dream Yoga by exploring the

rest of this Library or booking a

FREE 30-min lucid dream coaching session.

image credit: Tevaprapas


mindfulness = awareness of present moment

meta-awareness = awareness of awareness

​self-awareness = meta-awareness of self
lucid awareness = self-awareness + insight

lucid dreaming = lucid awareness + dreaming

lucidity = lucid awareness

"Lucid dreaming, dream yoga, and sleep yoga have a common outcome: increasing awareness." -Andrew Holecek

Lucid Dreaming Day

Lucid Dreaming Day - April 12th

A day by lucid dreamers, for lucid dreamers, to celebrate the phenomenon and help spread knowledge about it to the rest of the world. It started with an idea from lucid dream educator, Daniel Love, to raise awareness about the topic. April 12th was chosen because this is the date that lucid dreaming was scientifically validated as being real. Before then, people argued that lucid dreaming was just a figment of one's imagination. However, in 1975, Dr. Keith Hearne demonstrated otherwise by having a lucid dreamer send a message to the outside world.

Keith Hearne
lucid dreaming EOG

Hearne accomplished this by using an electrooculograph (EOG) to track eye movements. He gave the lucid dreamer a specific pattern of eye movements to follow once lucid within a dream, then watched the machine all night. The assigned pattern emerged! On the other end was a lucid dreamer communicating his thoughts back to the waking world through eye movements. This study confirmed scientifically what people had been saying for a long time: lucid dreaming really exists. But Dr. Hearne wasn't the only scientist at that time to have ambitions about verifying the lucid dream experience.

“Let your dreams change your reality, don’t let your reality change your dreams.”— Unknown

Dr. Stephen LaBerge had the same goal in mind at Stanford University. To complete the task, he used a similar study design as Dr. Hearne. By using an EOG with a specific pattern of eye movements and a lucid dreamer to signal, Dr. LaBerge confirmed the existence of lucid dreaming in his lab as well. He was also the first to publish about it scientifically, as well as being the first to show that lucid dreaming is a skill that can be learned. Afterwards, he became a strong public advocate for the phenomenon. He founded the Lucidity Institute and has dedicated his career to conducting research on lucid dreaming, in addition to teaching others the skills to do it themselves.

Stephen LaBerge
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