RESEARCH

A majority of these are scientific peer-reviewed journal articles, 
focused primarily on lucid dreaming
"Retrieved from" at the end of the source means you can get the information for FREE by following the web address.
All journal articles for the International Journal of Dream Research for FREE here: 
http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR
All journal articles for Frontiers in Psychology for FREE here:
http://journal.frontiersin.org/journal/psychology
All articles of the Lucidity Letters for FREE here: 
https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/home
All articles, interviews, and anecdotal reports of Lucid Dream Experience (ISSN 2167-616X) for FREE here:
www.dreaminglucid.com
A-D
 

Abramovitch, H. (1995). The nightmare of returning home: A case of acute onset nightmare disorder treated by lucid dreaming. Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences, 32(2), 140-145.

 

Adler, T., Gackenbach, J.I., & LaBerge, S. (1983). Negative air ions and lucidity induction: Additional data. Lucidity Letter, 2 (2), 53. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/591

 

Albert, J., Houle, K., Kalasinsky, S., King, J., Washington, S., & Clabough, E. (2014). Exploring the relationship between creativity and lucid dreaming. Impulse (19343361), 1-10. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Alexander, C. (1987). Dream lucidity and dream witnessing: A developmental model based on the practice of transcendental meditation. Lucidity Letter, 6, 113-124. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/766

 

Alvarado, C., & Zingrone, N. (2007). Interrelationships of parapsychological experiences, dream recall, and lucid dreams in a survey with predominantly Spanish participants. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 27(1), 63-69. 

 

Alvarado, C. S., Zingrone, N. L., & Dalton, K. S. (1999). Out-of-body experiences: Alterations of consciousness and the Five-Factor Model of personality. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 18(4), 297-317.

Antrobus, J., Kondo, T., Reinsel, R., & Fein, G. (1995). Dreaming in the late morning: summation of REM and diurnal cortical activation. Consciousness & Cognition, 4(3), 275-299. Retrieved from http://nbresearch.com/PDF/1995/1995_MRIBOX_20030815_100937.pdf

 

Appel, K., & Pipa, G. (2014). Bidirectional, voluntary and conscious communication with arbitrary message content between a sleeping person and the waking world is possible. Somnologie, 18(1), 75. doi: 10.1007/s11818-014-0691-8

Appel, K., & Pipa, G. (2017). Auditory evoked potentials in lucid dreams: A dissertation summary. International Journal of Dream Research, 10(1), 98-100. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/37192

 

Appel, K., Pipa, G., & Dresler, M. (2018). Investigating consciousness in the sleep laboratory: An interdisciplinary perspective on lucid dreaming. Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, 43(2), 192-207.

Aspy, D. (2016). Is dream recall underestimated by retrospective measures and enhanced by keeping a logbook? An empirical investigation. Consciousness and Cognition, 42, 181-203.

 

Aspy, D.J., Delfabbro, P., Proeve, M., & Mohr, P. (2017). Reality Testing and the Mnemonic Induction of Lucid Dreams: Findings from the national Australian lucid dream induction study. Dreaming, 27(3), 206-231. doi: 10.1037/drm0000059

 

Atlas, N. (2017). Lucid dreaming and the path to freedom: A transpersonal, interpretative phenomenological inquiry (Doctoral Dissertation, University of West Georgia).

Aviram, L., & Soffer-Dudek, N. (2018). Lucid dreaming: Intensity, but not frequency, is inversely related to psychopathology. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 384. Retrieved from https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00384/full

 

Ayers, L., Beaton, S., & Hunt, H. (1999). The significance of transpersonal experiences, emotional conflict, and cognitive abilities in creativity. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 17(1), 73-82.

Baird, B., Mota-Rolim, S. A., & Dresler, M. (2019). The cognitive neuroscience of lucid dreaming. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 100, 305-323. Retrieved from https://dreslerlab.files.wordpress.com/2019/03/baird-motarolim-dresler_lucid-dreaming.pdf

Baird, B., Castelnovo, A., Gosseries, O., & Tononi, G. (2018). Frequent lucid dreaming associated with increased functional connectivity between frontopolar cortex and temporoparietal association areas. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 17798. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-36190-w

Baird, B., Riedner, B. A., Boly, M., Davidson, R. J., & Tononi, G. (2018). Increased lucid dream frequency in long-term meditators but not following mindfulness-based stress reduction training. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. doi: 10.1037/cns0000176

Baltazar, P. T. (2014). Psychospiritual transformation through chronic illness: An intuitive inquiry (Doctoral Dissertation, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology). Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Banerji, B. (2017). Using dreams to elicit inner healing resources: An exploratory study (Doctoral Dissertation, Saybrook University).

Bannerman, B. A. (2016). Transformative, exceptional human experiences at music festivals: A transpersonal phenomenological exploration (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Lethbridge). Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Bateman, K. (1999). The appearance of the deceased in dreams of the bereaved (Doctoral Dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute).

Barrett, D. (1991). Flying dreams and lucidity: An empirical study of their relationship. Dreaming, 1(2), 129-134. doi: 10.1037/h0094325

 

Barrett, D. (1992). Just how lucid are lucid dreams? Dreaming, 2(4), 221-228. doi: 10.1037/h0094362

 

Barrett, D. (1994). Dreams in dissociative disorders. Dreaming, 4(3), 165-175. doi: 10.1037/h0094410

 

Barrett, D., & Grayson, M. (2015). Content of lucid versus non-lucid dreams. Presented at 32nd annual meeting for the International Association for the Study of Dreams, Virginia Beach, VA. Retrieved from IASD website

 

Barron, C. S. (2008). Medicine bags and dream catchers: American Indian sacred objects, Anglo-American meaning (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Missouri-Kansas City).

Barušs, I. (2012). What we can learn about consciousness from altered states of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research, 3(7), 805-819. Retrieved from http://jcer.com/index.php/jcj/article/view/227

 

Bazzari, F. H. (2018). Can we induce lucid dreams? A pharmacological point of view. International Journal of Dream Research, 11(2), 106-119. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/42462

Beaulieu-Prévost, D., & Zadra, A. (2005). Dream recall frequency and attitude towards dreams: A reinterpretation of the relation. Personality and Individual Differences, 38(4), 919-927.

 

Beaulieu-Prevost, D. & Zadra, A. (2007). Absorption, psychological boundaries and attitude towards dreams as correlates of dream recall: two decades of research seen through a meta-analysis. Journal of Sleep Research, 16(1), 51-59. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2869.2007.00572.x

 

Been, G., & Garg, V. (2010). Nightmares in the context of PTSD treated with psychoeducation regarding lucid dreaming. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 44(6), 583. doi: 10.1080/00048671003614213

 

Belicki, D., Hunt, H., & Belicki, K. (1978). An exploratory study comparing self-reported lucid and non-lucid dreamers. Sleep research, 7, 166.

 

Benyshek, D. (2013). An archival exploration comparing contemporary artists and shamans (Doctoral Dissertation, Saybrook University).

Berkhin, I., & Hartelius, G. (2011). Why altered states are not enough: A perspective from Buddhism. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 30(1-2), 63-68. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Blackmore, S. J. (1982a). Have you ever had an OBE?: The wording of the question. Journal of Society for Psychical Research, 51, 292-302.

 

Blackmore, S. J. (1982b). Out of body experiences, lucid dreams, and Imagery: Two surveys. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 76(4), 301- 307.

 

Blackmore, S. J. (1984). A postal survey of OBEs and other experiences. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 52, 225–244. Retrieved from http://www.susanblackmore.co.uk/articles/pdfs/jspr%201984.pdf

 

Blackmore, S. J. (1986). Spontaneous and deliberate OBEs: A questionnaire survey. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research.

 

Blackmore, S. (1991). Lucid dreaming: Awake in your sleep? The Skeptical Inquirer, 15, 362-370.

 

Blackmore, S. (1991). Lucid dreams and OBEs. Lucidity Letter, 10, 1/2. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/426/328


Blagrove, M. (1992). Dreams as the reflection of our waking concerns and abilities: A critique of the problem-solving paradigm in dream research. Dreaming, 2(4), 205-220. doi: 10.1037/h0094361

 

Blagrove, M., & Hartnell, S. J. (2000). Lucid dreaming: Associations with internal locus of control, need for cognition and creativity. Personality and Individual Differences, 28(1), 41-47. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Blagrove, M., & Tucker, M. (1994). Individual differences in locus of control and the reporting of lucid dreaming. Personality and Individual Differences, 16(6), 981-984. doi: 10.1016/0191-8869(94)90242-9

 

Blagrove, M., Wilkinson, A. (2010). Lucid dreaming frequency and change blindness performance. Dreaming, 20(2), 130-135. doi: 10.1037/a0019248

 

Blagrove, M., Bell, E., & Wilkinson, A. (2010). Association of lucid dreaming frequency with Stroop task performance. Dreaming, 20(4), 280-287. doi: 10.1037/a0020881

 

Blanchette‐Carrière, C., Carr, M., Paquette, T., Nielson, T. (2016). tAC stimulation: A method for inducing lucid dreams [ABSTRACT}. Presented at International Association for the Study of Dreams Annual Conference in Kerkrade, Netherlands, June 24-28. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/issue/view/3030/showToc

 

Boerger, E. A. (2009). Associations among boundary structure, gender, and beliefs about control of dreams. Dreaming, 19(3), 172-186. doi: 10.1037/a0017156

 

Bogzaran, F. (1989). Experiencing the Divine in the lucid dream state (Masters Thesis, California Institute of Integral Studies). 

 

Bogzaran, F. (1996). Images of the lucid mind: A phenomenological study of lucid dreaming and modern paintings (Doctoral Dissertation, U.M.I. Michigan).

 

Bogzaran, F. (2003). Lucid art and hyperspace lucidity. Dreaming, 13(1), 29-42. doi: 10.1023/A:1022186217703

 

Bonk, R. (2018). Floating for Lucidity: The Alternate Waking States Induction Method [ABSTRACT]. Presented at International Association for the Study of Dreams Annual Conference in Scottsdale, AZ, June 16-20. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/issue/viewFile/3984/pdf_83

Boopalan, A., White, E. (2016). Rift effects on dreams: Replication and extension [ABSTRACT]. Presented at International Association for the Study of Dreams Annual Conference in Kerkrade, Netherlands, June 24-28. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/issue/view/3030/showToc

 

Boriskina, L., Poluektov, M., & Korabelnikova, E. (2015). Dream features of Russian population suffering from sleep paralysis. Sleep Medicine, 16, S64. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2015.02.161

Bouchet, C. (1995). Psychoanalysis and the interpretation of lucid dreams. Diogenes, 43(170), 109-126.

Bourke, P., & Shaw, H. (2014). Spontaneous lucid dreaming frequency and waking insight. Dreaming, 24(2), 152-159. Retrieved from http://eprints.lincoln.ac.uk/14463/2/pbourke%20repository%20version.pdf

 

Bradley, L., Hollifield, M., & Foulkes, D. (1992). Reflection during REM dreaming. Dreaming, 2(3), 161-166. doi: 10.1037/h0094357
 

Brannen, R. (2014). Healing my jaw in a lucid dream. Lucid Dreaming Experience, 3(1), 45-46. Retrieved from http://www.dreaminglucid.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/2014-vol3-no1-Summer.pdf

 

Brodsky, S. L., Esquerre, J., & Jackson Jr, R. R. (1990). Dream consciousness in problem solving. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 10(4), 353-360.         

 

Brooks, J., & Vogelsong, J. (2010). The subjective side of lucid dream research. International Journal of Dream Research, 3(2), 100-103. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/6133/pdf

 

Brown, A. E. (1936). Dreams in which the dreamer knows he is asleep. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 31, 59-66.

 

Brylowski, A. (1987a). Potential effects of lucid dreaming on immunocompetence. Proceedings from the Second Annual Lucid Dreaming Symposium. Lucidity Letter, 6(2), 1-5. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/index.php/lucidity/article/viewFile/769/710

 

Brylowsky, A. (1987b). The role of lucid dreaming in the treatment of narcolepsy and nightmares: A case study. Sleep Research, 16, 319.

 

Brylowski, A. (1990). Nightmares in crisis: Clinical applications of lucid dreaming techniques. Psychiatric Journal of the University of Ottawa, 15(2), 79-84.

 

Brylowski, A., Levitan, L., & LaBerge, S. (1989). H-reflex suppression and autonomic activation during lucid REM sleep: a case study. Sleep, 12(4), 374-378. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Bulkeley, K. (2006). Sleep and dream patterns of political liberals and conservatives. Dreaming, 16(3), 223. Retrieved from https://2012election.procon.org/sourcefiles/sleep-dream-patterns-of-political-liberals-and-conservatives.pdf

 

Bulkeley, K. (2009). Mystical dreaming: Patterns in form, content, and meaning. Dreaming, 19(1), 30-41. doi: 10.1037/a0014788


Bulkeley, K., & Graves, M. (2018). Using the LIWC program to study dreams. Dreaming, 28(1), 43-58. 

Busink, R, & Kuiken, D. (1996). Identifying types of impactful dreams: A replication. Dreaming, 6, 97-119. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Buzzi, G. (2011). False awakenings in light of the dream protoconsciousness theory: A study in lucid dreamers. International Journal of Dream Research, 4(2), 110-116. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/9085/pdf

 

Capper, D. S. (2000). Why do Americans practice Tibetan Buddhism?. (Doctoral Dissertation, The University of Chicago).

Cardeña, E., Lynn, S. J., & Krippner, S. (2017). The psychology of anomalous experiences: A rediscovery. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 4(1), 4. doi: 10.1037/cns0000093

 

Casto, K. L. (1995). Contemporary spiritual dream reports: Their content and significance (Doctoral Dissertation, Saybrook University).

 

Cicogna, P., & Bosinelli, M. (2001). Consciousness during dreams. Consciousness and Cognition, 10(1), 26-41. doi: 10.1006/ccog.2000.0471

 

Clawley, C. A. (2015). Return to timelessness: The therapeutic benefit of revisioning the rhythms of time. (Master’s Thesis, Pacifica Graduate Institute).

Conesa, J. (1995). Relationship between isolated sleep paralysis and geomagnetic influences: A case study. Perceptual and motor skills, 80(3_suppl), 1263-1273.

 

Conesa, J. (2002). Isolated sleep paralysis and lucid dreaming: ten-year longitudinal case study and related dream frequencies, types, and categories. Sleep & Hypnosis, 4(4), 132-142. Retrieved from http://www.sleepandhypnosis.org/ing/Pdf/b3e7b4f8ae0e49198f58c31787c78790.pdf

 

Cook, R. (2017). Theories of consciousness and death: Does consciousness end, continue, awaken, or transform when the body dies? Scientific GOD Journal, 8(5), 348-360. Retrieved from http://www.scigod.com/index.php/sgj/article/viewFile/560/606

 

Corlett, P. R., Canavan, S. V., Nahum, L., Appah, F., & Morgan, P. T. (2014). Dreams, reality and memory: confabulations in lucid dreamers implicate reality-monitoring dysfunction in dream consciousness. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 19(6), 540-553. doi: 10.1080/13546805.2014.932685

 

Coronel, C. (2013). Healing tinnitus in a lucid dream. Lucid Dreaming Experience, 2(2), 40-41. Retrieved from http://www.dreaminglucid.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/2013-vol2-no2-FALL.pdf

 

Covello, E. (1984). Lucid dreaming: A review and experiential study of waking intrusions during stage REM sleep. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 5, 81-98.

 

Creagh, B. A. (2005). Transformative mourning: The Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music for widowed persons (Doctoral Dissertation, Union Institute and University).

D'Agostino, A., Castelnovo, A., & Scarone, S. (2013). Dreaming and the neurobiology of self: Recent advances and implications for psychiatry. Frontiers in psychology, 4. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3783843/

 

Dahl, S. A. (2013). Knowing means connecting with the source of life: Knowledge and ethics among Blackfoot traditionalists (Master’s Thesis, Trent University).

Dane, J. R. (1984). A comparison of waking instructions and posthypnotic suggestion for lucid dream induction (Doctoral Dissertation, Georgia State University).

 

Darling, M., Hoffmann, R., Moffitt, A., & Purcell, S. (1993). The pattern of self-reflectiveness in dream reports. Dreaming, 3(1), 9-19. doi: 10.1037/h0094368

 

Denis D., et al. (2017). A systematic review of variables associated with sleep paralysis. Sleep Medicine Reviews. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2017.05.005

 

Denis, D., & Poerio, G. L. (2017). Terror and bliss? Commonalities and distinctions between sleep paralysis, lucid dreaming, and their associations with waking life experiences. Journal of Sleep Research, 26(1), 38-47. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/jsr.12441

Dieter, J. N. I., & Weinstein, J. A. (1995). The effects of variable frequency photo-stimulation goggles on EEG and subjective conscious state. Journal of Mental Imagery, 19(1–2), 77–89.

Dodet, P., Chavez, M., Leu-Semenescu, S., Golmard, J., & Arnulf, I. (2015). Lucid dreaming in narcolepsy. Sleep, 38(3), 487-497. Retrieved from https://academic.oup.com/sleep/article/38/3/487/2416990


Doll, E., Gittler, G., & Holzinger, B. (2009). Dreaming, lucid dreaming and personality. International Journal of Dream Research, 2(2), 52-57. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/142/pdf_3

 

Domhoff, G., & Schneider, A. (2008). Studying dream content using the archive and search engine on DreamBank.net. Consciousness and Cognition, 17, 1238-1247. Retrieved from http://www2.ucsc.edu/dreams/Library/domhoff_2008c.html

 

Dresler, M., Eibl, L., Fischer, C., Wehrle, R., Spoormaker, V., Steiger, A.,...Pawlowski, M. (2014). Volitional components of consciousness vary across wakefulness, dreaming and lucid dreaming. Frontiers in Psychology, 4987. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3877766/

 

Dresler, M., Koch, S. P., Wehrle, R., Spoormaker, V. I., Holsboer, F., Steiger, A., & ... Czisch, M. (2011). Dreamed movement elicits activation in the sensorimotor cortex. Current Biology: CB, 21(21), 1833-1837. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2011.09.029

 

Dresler, M., Wehrle, R., Spoormaker, V. I., Koch, S. P., Hosboer, F., Steiger, A.,…Czisch, M. (2012). Neural correlates of dream lucidity obtained from contrasting lucid versus non-lucid REM sleep: A combined EEG/fMRI case study. Sleep, 35(7), 1017-1020. doi: 10.5665/sleep.1974

 

Dresler, M., Wehrle, R., Spoormaker, V. I., Steiger, A., Holsboer, F., Czisch, M., & Hobson, J. A. (2015). Neural correlates of insight in dreaming and psychosis. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 2092-2099. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2014.06.004

 

D'Urso, B. (2005). My lucid dream geometric healing experience. The Lucid Dream Exchange, 17. Retrieved from http://www.improverse.com/ed-articles/beverly_durso_2005_aug_lde_geometric_healing.htm

 

D’Urso, B. (2009). Levels of consciousness while dreaming or awake. Retrieved from http://durso.org/beverly/ConsciousnessLevels.html

 

Dyck, S., Schredl, M., & Kühnel, A. (2017). Lucid dream induction using three different cognitive methods. International Journal of Dream Research, 10(2), 151-156. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/37498/pdf

 

Dyck, S., Schredl, M., & Kühnel, A. (2017). Retest reliability study of the Mannheim Dream Questionnaire (MADRE). International Journal of Dream Research, 10(2), 173-176. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/38122/pdf

Dyck, S., Kummer, N., König, N., Schredl, M., & Kühnel, A. (2018). Effects of lucid dream induction on external-rated lucidity, dream emotions, and dream bizarreness. International Journal of Dream Research, 11(1), 74-78. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/43867/pdf

 
E-G

Edelstein, J., & LaBerge, S. (1992). The best time for lucid dreaming: Naps, mishaps, and recaps. NightLight, 4(2), 4-9.

 

Edgcombe, D. (2003). Beyond the physical: An exploration into the structure of reality through one individual's exceptional experiences (Master’s Thesis, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology).

 

Edwards, C. L., Ruby, P. M., Malinowski, J. E., Bennett, P. D., & Blagrove, M. T. (2013). Dreaming and insight. Frontiers in Psychology, 4979. Retrieved from https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00979/full

 

Erlacher, D. (2005). Motorisches Lernen im luziden Traum: Phänomenologische und experimentelle Betrachtungen [Motor learning in a lucid dream: phenomenological and experimental aspects]. (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Heidelberg). Retrieved from http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/volltextserver/5896/

Erlacher, D. (2007). Motorisches Lernen im luziden Traum: Phänomenologische und experimentelle Betrachtungen [Motor learning in lucid dreams: phenomenological and experimental aspects] (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Heidelberg). Retrieved from https://scholar.google.com/

Erlacher, D. (2009). Recall of a specific word list in lucid dreams: An explorative online study. International Journal of Dream Research, 2(1), 37-40. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/166

 

Erlacher, D. (2018). “Complicated movements should be practiced in dreams” Paul Tholey about sports, lucid dreams and consciousness. International Journal of Dream Research, 11(2), 230-233. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/51340

Erlacher, D., & Chapin, H. (2010). Lucid dreaming: Neural virtual reality as a mechanism for performance enhancement. International Journal of Dream Research, 3(1), 7-10. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/588/pdf

Erlacher, D., & Schredl, M. (2004). Time required for motor activity in lucid dreams. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 99(3part2), 1239-1242. doi:10.2466/PMS.99.7.1239-1242

 

Erlacher, D., & Schredl, M. (2008). Cardiovascular responses to dreamed physical exercise during REM lucid dreaming. Dreaming, 18(2), 112-121. doi: 10.1037/1053-0797.18.2.112

 

Erlacher, D., & Schredl, M. (2008). Do REM (lucid) dreamed and executed actions share the same neural substrate. International Journal of Dream Research, 1(1), 7-14. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/20/101

 

Erlacher, D., & Schredl, M. (2010). Practicing a motor task in a lucid dream enhances subsequent performance: A pilot study. The Sport Psychologist, 24(2), 157-167. doi: 10.1123/tsp.24.2.157

 

Erlacher, D., Schredl, M., & LaBerge, S. (2003). Motor area activation during dreamed hand clenching: A pilot study on EEG alpha band. Sleep and Hypnosis, 5(4), 182-187. Retrieved from http://www.sleepandhypnosis.org/ing/Pdf/060a986418c2461dbb60d1ddaf50d393.pdf

Erlacher, D., Stumbrys, T., & Schredl, M. (2011). Frequency of lucid dreams and lucid dream practice in German athletes. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 31(3), 237-246. doi: 10.2190/ic.31.3.f

 

Erlacher, D., Schädlich, M., Stumbrys, T., & Schredl, M. (2014). Time for actions in lucid dreams: Effects of task modality, length, and complexity. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 1013. doi: 10.2190/ic.31.3.f

 

Erlacher, D., Schredl, M., Watanabe, T., Yamana, J., & Gantzert, F. (2008). The incidence of lucid dreaming within a Japanese university student sample. International Journal of Dream Research, 1(2), 39-43. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/11138/pdf_56

 

Esser IV, T. (2013). Lucid dreaming, Kundalini, The Divine, and non-duality. (Doctoral Dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies).

 

Father X (1988). Lucid dreams and out-of-body experiences: A personal case. Lucidity Letter, 10(1 & 2). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/424/314

Feeback, J. (2015). Lucid dreaming: New age nonsense or therapeutic tool? (Undergraduate Thesis, Ball State University). Retrieved from http://cardinalscholar.bsu.edu/handle/123456789/199924

 

Fenwick, P., Schatzman, M., Worsley, A., Adams, J., Stone, S., & Baker, A. (1984). Lucid dreaming: Correspondence between dreamed and actual events in one subject during REM sleep. Biological Psychology, 18(4), 243-252. doi: 10.1016/0301-0511(84)90056-5

 

Filevich, E., Dresler, M., Brick, T. R., & Kühn, S. (2015). Metacognitive mechanisms underlying lucid dreaming. The Journal of Neuroscience, 35(3), 1082-1088. Retrieved from http://www.jneurosci.org/content/jneuro/35/3/1082.full.pdf

 

Fingerlin, T. (2013). Incidence and frequency of lucid dreams in a Swiss junior college student sample. International Journal of Dream Research, 6(2), 127-129. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/11138/pdf_56

Flack, B. E. (2007). Soul retrieval: Storied journeys of shamanic healing from trauma (Master’s Thesis, St. Stephen’s College).

Flockhart, C., & Gackenbach, J. (2017). The nightmare protection hypothesis: An experimental inquiry. International Journal of Dream Research, 10(1), 1-9. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/27213/pdf

 

Frith, R. M. (1998). The use of lucid dreaming to alleviate fear and anxiety: An empirical exploration (Doctoral Dissertation, California Graduate Institute).

Gackenbach, J. I. (1978). A personality and cognitive style analysis of lucid dreaming (Doctoral Dissertation, Virginia Commonwealth University).

Gackenbach, J. (1981). Sex differences in lucid dreaming self-reported frequency: A second look. Lucidity Letter, 4, 127. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/445/347

 

Gackenbach, J. (1981). Lucid dreaming: Individual differences in personal characteristics. Sleep Research, 10, 145.

 

Gackenbach, J. (1982). Balance and lucid dreaming ability: A suggested relationship. Lucidity Letter, 1(2), 7. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/559/474

 

Gackenbach, J. (1982). Differences between types of lucid dreams. Lucidity Letter, 1(4), 31. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/574/489

 

Gackenbach, J. (1984). An estimate of lucid dreaming incidence. Lucidity Letter, 3(1), 81. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/621/535

 

Gackenbach, J. I. (1985a). A survey of considerations for inducing conscious awareness of dreaming while dreaming. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 5(1), 41-55.

Gackenbach, J. (1986a). Personality characteristics associated with the dream lucidity ability: Fact or fiction. Lucidity Letter, 5(1), 57-74. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/705/627

Gackenbach, J. (1986b). The manifest content of self-reported lucid versus non-lucid dreams. Lucidity Letter, 5(1), 160. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/871/799

Gackenbach, J. (1988). The potential of lucid dreaming for bodily healing. Lucidity Letter, 7(2). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/820/760

 

Gackenbach, J. (1989). From lucid dreaming to pure consciousness: A conceptual framework for the OBE, UFO abduction, and NDE experiences. Lucidity Letter, 8(1). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/841/781

 

Gackenbach, J. (1991). Frameworks for understanding lucid dreaming: A review. Dreaming, 1(2), 109-128. doi: 10.1037/h0094324

 

Gackenbach, J. (2006). Video game play and lucid dreams: Implications for the development of consciousness. Dreaming, 16(2), 96-110. doi: 10.1037/1053-0797.16.2.96

Gackenbach, J. (2008). Video game play and consciousness development: A transpersonal perspective. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 40(1), 60-87. Retrieved from http://www.atpweb.org/jtparchive/trps-40-08-01-060.pdf

 

Gackenbach, J. (2009). Video game play and conscious development: A replication and extension. International Journal of Dream Research, 2(1), 3-11. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/115/pdf

 

Gackenbach, J. (2009). Electronic media and lucid-control dreams: Morning after reports. Dreaming, 19(1), 1-6. doi: 10.1037/a0013781

 

Gackenbach, J. (2010). Psychological considerations in pursuing lucid dreaming research: Commentary on “The neurobiology of consciousness: Lucid dreaming wakes up” by J. Allan Hobson. International Journal of Dream Research, 3(1), 11-12. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/589/pdf

 

Gackenbach, J., & Boyes, A. (2014). Social media versus gaming associations with typical and recent dreams. Dreaming, 24(3), 182-202. doi: 10.1037/a0037616

 

Gackenbach, J., & Boyes, A. (2014). Non-gaming computer use relationship to type of dream. International Journal of Dream Research, 7(2), 95-104. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/9409/pdf_75 

 

Gackenbach, J., & Dopko, R. (2012). The relationship between video game play, dream bizarreness, and creativity. International Journal of Dream Research, 5(1), 23-36. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/9080/pdf

 

Gackenbach, J., & Gahr, S. (2015). Media use and dream associations between Canadians of differing cultural backgrounds. International Journal of Dream Research, 8(1), 2-9. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/15857/13812

 

Gackenbach, J., & Hammons, S. (1984). Lucid dreaming ability and verbal creativity. Dreamworks, 3(3), 219-223.

 

Gackenbach, J., & Hunt, H. (1992). Lucid dreaming as a transpersonal (meditational) state: A potential distinction from dream-work methods. Journal of Mental Imagery, 16(1-2), 97-102.

 

Gackenbach, J., & Kuruvilla, B. (2013). Cognitive structure associated with the lucid features of gamers dreams. Dreaming, 23(4), 256-265. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Gackenbach, J., & LaBerge, S. (1989). What is possible in a lucid dream? Results of the April 1987 OMNI experiment. Lucidity Letter, 8(2). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/829/769

 

Gackenbach, J. & Moorecroft, W. (1987). Psychological content of "consciousness" during sleep in a TM subject. Lucidity Letter, 6(1). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/756/697

 

Gackenbach, J., Cranson, R., & Alexander, C. (1986). Lucid dreaming, witnessing dreaming, and the Transcendental Meditation technique: A developmental relationship. Lucidity Letter, 5(2). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/736/678

 

Gackenbach, J., Curren, R., & Cutler, G. (1983). Presleep determinants and postsleep results of lucid versus vivid dreams. Lucidity Letter, 2(2). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/592/506

Gackenbach, J., Ellerman, E., & Hall, C. (2011). Video game play as nightmare protection: A preliminary inquiry with military gamers. Dreaming, 21(4), 221-245. doi: 10.1037/a0024972


Gackenbach, J., Prill, S. & Westron, P. (1983). The relationship of the lucid dreaming ability to mental imagery experiences and skills. Lucidity Letter, 2(4). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/612/526

 

Gackenbach, J., Sachau, D. & Rokes, L. (1982). Vestibular sensitivity and dynamic and static motor balance as a function of sex and lucid dreaming. Sleep Research, 11, 104.

 

Gackenbach, J., Swanston, D., & Stark, H. (2015). Effects of video game play versus meditation/prayer in waking and dreaming experiences. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 47(2), 188-218.

 

Gackenbach, J. Walling, J. & LaBerge, S. (1984). The lucid dreaming ability and parasympathetic functioning. Lucidity Letter, 3(4), 101. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/637/551

 

Gackenbach, J., Darlington, M., Ferguson, M., & Boyes, A. (2013). Video game play as nightmare protection: A replication and extension. Dreaming, 23(2), 97-111. doi: 10.1037/a0032455

 

Gackenbach, J., Heilman, N., Boyt, S. & LaBerge, S. (1985). The relationship between field independence and lucid dreaming ability. Journal of Mental Imagery, 2(1), 9-20.

 

Gackenbach, J., Synder, T., Rokes, L., & Sachau, D. (1986). Lucid dreaming frequency in relationship to vestibular sensitivity as measured by caloric stimulation. Cognition and Dream Research: The Journal of Mind and Behavior, 7(2), 277-298.

 

Gackenbach, J., Curren, R., LaBerge, S., Davidson, D. & Maxwell, P. (1983). Intelligence, creativity and personality differences between individuals who vary in self-reported lucid dream frequency. Lucidity Letter, 2 (2), 52. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/593/507

 

Gackenbach, J., Kuruvilla, B., Ferguson, M., Mathewson, K., Darlington, M. (2014). Gamer links to dream bizarreness and lucidity: A failure to replicate. International Journal of Dream Research, 7(1), 67-71. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/9464/pdf_65

 

Gackenbach, J., Snyder, T. J., McKelvey, K., McWilliams, C., George Rodenelli, B. (1981). Lucid dreaming: Individual differences in perception. Sleep Research, 10, 146.

 

Gahr, S., & Gackenbach, J. (2017). Culture, gender, and media use predictors of dreams among Canadian students. International Journal of Dream Research, 10(2), 110-119. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/34833/pdf


Galvin, F. (1990). The boundary characteristics of lucid dreamers.  Psychiatric Journal of the University of Ottawa, 15(2), 73-78. PMID: 2374791

 

Galvin, F. (1993). The effects of lucid dream training upon the frequency and severity of nightmares. (Doctoral Dissertation, Boston University).

Garfield, P. L. (1975). Psychological concomitants of the lucid dream state. Sleep research, 4, 183.

Garrett, L. (2017). Utilising dreambody choreutics to integrate somatics with lucid dream criteria. Body, Movement & Dance in Psychotherapy, 12(2), 145-158. doi: 10.1080/17432979.2016.1231134

Gassmann, C. (2015). Observations of a long term dream journalist. International Journal of Dream Research, 8(2), 169-171. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/23077/pdf

 

Gibson, H. B. (1985). Dreaming and hypnotic susceptibility: A pilot study. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 60(2), 387-394.

 

Gillespie, G. (1987). Distinguishing between phenomenon and interpretation: When does lucid dreaming become transpersonal experience? [Proceedings from the Second Annual Lucid Dreaming Symposium] Lucidity Letter, 6(2). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/download/772/713

Gillespie, G. (1988). When does lucid dreaming become transpersonal experience? Psychiatric Journal of the University of Ottawa, 13, 107- 110.

Gillespie, G. (1989). Lights and lattices and where they are seen. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 68(2), 487-504.

Gillespie, G. (1992). Light in lucid dreams: A review. Dreaming, 2(3), 167-179. doi: 10.1037/h0094358

 

Gillespie, G. (1997). Hypnopompic imagery and visual dream experience. Dreaming, 7(3), 187-194. doi: 10.1037/h0094473

Gillespie, G. (2002). Dreams and dreamless sleep. Dreaming, 12(4), 199-207. doi: 10.1023/A:1021104527848

 

Gish, E. (2014). Lucid dreaming: A Wake-Initiated-Lucid Dream (WILD) approach (Masters Thesis, Saybrook University). Retrieved from the “Thesis” page of this website

Glicksohn, J. (1989). The structure of subjective experience: Interdependencies along the sleep-wakefulness continuum. Journal of Mental Imagery, 13(2), 99-106.

Goncalve, S. (2018). The lucid world of Don Quixote and Segismundo (Master’s thesis, Southern Connecticut State University).

Grandi, A. (2003). Shedding light on spiritual development (Doctoral Dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies).

Graveline, Y. M., & Wamsley, E. J. (2015). Dreaming and waking cognition. Translational Issues in Psychological Science, 1(1), 97. Retrieved from ​​​​​​​https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/features/tps-0000018.pdf

Green, C. (1990). Waking dreams and other metachoric experiences. Psychiatric Journal of the University of Ottawa, 15(2), 123-128.

Green, J. T. (1995). Lucid dreams as one method of replicating components of the near death experience in a laboratory setting. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 14(1), 49-59. Retrieved from https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc798889/

Green, T. (2007, June 11). Lucid dreaming in the treatment of veterans and others with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Retrieved from: http://jtgreenphd.blogspot.com/2007/06/lucid-dreaming-in-treatment-of-veterans_11.html

 

Grosso, M. (1976). Some varieties of out-of-body experience. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 70, 179-193.

Gruber, R. E. (1985). Personality correlates of lucid dreamers and nightmare sufferers (Unpublished Masters Thesis, University of Cincinnati).

Gruber, R. E. (1988). Dreaming style and waking personality (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Cincinnati).

Gruber, R. E., Steffen, J. J., & Vonderhaar, S. P. (1995). Lucid dreaming, waking personality and cognitive development. Dreaming, 5(1), 1-12. doi: 10.1037/h0094419

Gruel, N. (2017). Afternotes: Non-ordinary transcendent experiences and their aftereffects through Jung's typology (Doctoral Dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies).

 
H-L

Hagood, L. (2006). Awakening to Dreams. Journal of Religion & Health, 45(2), 160-170. doi: 10.1007/s10943-006-9014-0

 

Hall, J. A., & Brylowski, A. (1991). Lucid dreaming and active imagination: Implications for Jungian therapy. Quadrant: Journal of the C. G. Jung Foundation for Analytical Psychology, 24(1), 35-43.

 

Halliday, G. (1982). Direct alteration of a traumatic nightmare. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 54, 413-414. doi: 10.2466/pms.1982.54.2.413

Halliday, G. (1987). Direct psychological therapies for nightmares: A review. Clinical Psychology Review, 7(5), 501-523.

Hansen, K., Höfling, V., Kröner-Borowik, T., Stangier, U., & Steil, R. (2013). Efficacy of psychological interventions aiming to reduce chronic nightmares: A meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 33(1), 146-155. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2012.10.012

Harb, G. C., Brownlow, J. A., & Ross, R. J. (2016). Posttraumatic nightmares and imagery rehearsal: The possible role of lucid dreaming. Dreaming, 26(3), 238-249. doi: 10.1037/drm0000030

Harb, G. C., Waldron, E. A., Brownlow, J. A., & Ross, R. J. (2014). Lucid dreaming and the treatment of nightmares in OEF/OIF/OND veterans with PTSD. Poster presented at annual meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies in Minneapolis, MN.

Harb, G. C., Greene, J. L., Dent, K. M., & Ross, R. J. (2017). Lucid dreaming in veterans with PTSD: Non-nightmare dreams and nightmares. Sleep, 40, A401.

Hartman, D., & Zimberoff, D. (2005). Trauma, transitions, and thriving. Journal of Heart-Centered Therapies, 8(1).                Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Hartmann, E. (2010). Meteorite or gemstone? dreaming as one end of a continuum of functioning: Implications for research and for the use of dreams in therapy and self-knowledge. Dreaming, 20(3), 149-168. doi: 10.1037/a0020575

Harwood, R. (2017). Dreaming and the onset of chronic illness: Exploring and developing the concept of the dream as a threat monitoring mechanism. Technical Report. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/

Hausberger, A., Pollak, P., & Tran, U. S. (2016). Physical self-concept and the frequency of lucid dreams and nightmares. Dreaming, 26(4), 293-298. doi: 10.1037/drm0000035

 

Hearne, K. (1978). Lucid dreams: An electrophysiological and psychological study (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University of Liverpool). Retrieved from http://www.keithhearne.com/science-2/

 

Hearne, K. M. (1981). Lucid dreams and ESP: An initial experiment using one subject. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 51, 7-11.

Hearne, K. M. (1982a). An automated technique for studying psi in home “lucid” dreams. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 51(791), 303–304.

Hearne, K. M. (1982b). Effects of performing certain set tasks in the lucid-dream state. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 54, 259–62. doi: 10.2466/pms.1982.54.1.259

Hearne, K. (1983). Lucid dream induction. Journal of Mental Imagination, 7(1), 19–24.

 

Hemingway, S. K. (2006). Dreams: Alchemical vessels for the numinosum (Doctoral Dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute).

Hess, G., Schredl, M., & Goritz, A. S. (2016). Lucid dreaming frequency and the Big Five personality factors. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 3(36), 1-14. doi: 10.1177/0276236616648653

 

Hickey, D. A. (1988a). A psychophysiological and self-report study of lucid dreams in school-age children (Doctoral Dissertation, United States International University).

Hickey, D. A. (1988b). The validation of lucid dreams in school age children. Sleep Research, 17, 114.

Hicks, R. A., Bautista, J., & Hicks, G. J. (1999a). Boundaries and level of experience with six types of dreams. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 89(3), 760-762.

Hicks, R. A., Bautista, J., & Hicks, G. J. (1999b). Handedness and the vividness of dreams. Dreaming, 9(4), 265-269. doi: 10.1023/A:1021388220373


Hiew, C. C. (1976). Individual differences in the control of dreaming. Sleep Research, 5, 117.

Hill, A. G. M. (2003). Joy revisited: An exploratory study of the experience of joy through the memories of the women of one Native American Indian community (Doctoral Dissertation, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology).

Hobson, A. (2009). Lucid dreaming wakes up: The neurobiology of consciousness. International Journal of Dream Research, 2(2) 41-44. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/403

 

Hobson, A., Pace-Schott, E., & Stickgold, R. (2000). Dreaming and the brain: toward a cognitive neuroscience of conscious states. The Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 23(6), 793-842. doi: 10.1017/s0140525x00003976

 

Hobson, A., & Schredl, M. (2011). The continuity and discontinuity between waking and dreaming: A dialogue between Michael Schredl and Allan Hobson concerning the adequacy and completeness of theses notions. International Journal of Dream Research, 4(1), 3-7. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/viewFile/9087/2929

 

Holzinger, B. (2009). Lucid dreaming: Dreams of clarity. Contemporary Hypnosis, 26(4), 216-224. doi: 10.1002/ch.390

 

Holzinger, B. (2014, December). „Dream Sense Memory “Traumarbeit in der Gestalttherapie und die psychotherapeutische Technik des luziden Träumens. Psychotherapie Forum, 19(3-4), 111-120. 

Holzinger, B., Klösch, G., & Saletu, B. (2015). Studies with lucid dreaming as add-on therapy to Gestalt therapy. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 131(6), 355-363. doi: 10.1111/ane.12362

 

Holzinger, B., LaBerge, S., & Levitan, L. (2006). Psychophysiological correlates of lucid dreaming. Dreaming, 16(2), 88-95. doi: 10.1037/1053-0797.16.2.88

 

Horváth, L., Szummer, C., & Szabo, A. (2017). Weak phantasy and visionary phantasy: the phenomenological significance of altered states of consciousness. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 1-13. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Hoyt, I. P., Kihlstrom, J. F., & Nadon, R. (1992). Hypnotic, prolucid, lucid, and night dreaming: Individual differences. Journal of Mental Imagery, 16(1-2), 147-153. 

Hunt, H. (1988). Clinical and spiritual implications of lucid dreaming: A panel discussion. Lucidity Letter, 7(2). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/824/764

 

Hunt, H., Dougan, S., Grant, K., & House, M. (2002). Growth enhancing versus dissociative states of consciousness: A questionnaire study. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 42(1), 90-106. doi: 10.1177/0022167802421005

Hunt, H. T., Shearing-Johns, S., Gervais, A., & Travis, F. (1992). Transpersonal experiences in childhood: An exploratory empirical study of selected adult groups. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 75(3_suppl), 1135-1153.

Hurd, R. (2008). Spontaneous emergence: A phenomenology of lucid dreaming (Masters Thesis, John F. Kennedy University). Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Husband, R.W. (1936). Sex differences in dream contents. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 30, 513-521.

Inoue, R. (1993). Process of initiation using dreams. Journal of African Studies, 42, 27-43. Retrieved from https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/africa1964/1993/42/1993_42_27/_pdf

Irwin, H. J. (1985). The link between the out-of-body experience and proneness to lucid dreams: A meta-analysis. PSI Research, 4(2), 24–31.

Johnson, C. R. (2006). The role of lucid dreaming in the process of creative writing (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Leeds).

Johnston, L. (2014). Lucid dream healing: A primer. Townsend Letter, (377), 50-54.

 

Jones, S., & Stumbrys, T. (2014). Mental health, physical self and lucid dreaming: A correlational study in sport students. International Journal of Dream Research, 7(1), 54-60. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/12330/7624

 

Kahan, T. L. (1994). Measuring dream self-reflectiveness: A comparison of two approaches. Dreaming, 4(3), 177-193. doi: 10.1037/h0094411 

Kahan, T. L. (2016). Predictors of metacognition in dreaming and waking: Another look [ABSTRACT]. Presented at Online Dream Research Conference, Nov. 11-13. Retrieved from http://iasdreamresearch.org/moodle/mod/page/view.php?id=4

 

Kahn, D., & Hobson, A. (2005). Theory of mind in dreaming: Awareness of feelings and thoughts of others in dreams. Dreaming, 15(1), 48-57. doi:10.1037/1541-1559.15.1.48

Kahan, T. L., & LaBerge, S. (1994). Lucid dreaming as metacognition: Implications for cognitive science. Consciousness and Cognition, 3(2), 246-264. doi:10.1006/ccog.1994.1014. Retrieved from https://www.scu.edu/cas/psychology/faculty-and-staff/tracey-kahan/

 

Kahan, T.L., & LaBerge, S. (1996). Cognition and metacognition in dreaming and waking: Comparisons of first and third-person ratings. Dreaming, 6, 235-249. Retrieved from https://www.scu.edu/cas/psychology/faculty-and-staff/tracey-kahan/

Kahan, T. L., & LaBerge, S. (2011). Dreaming and waking: Similarities and differences revisited. Consciousness and Cognition, 20(3), 494-514. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2010.09.002. Retrieved from https://www.scu.edu/cas/psychology/faculty-and-staff/tracey-kahan/

 

Kahan, T. L., & Sullivan, K. (2012). Assessing metacognitive skills in waking and sleep: A psychometric analysis of the Metacognitive, Affective, Cognitive Experience (MACE) questionnaire. Consciousness and Cognition, 21(1), 340-352. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2011.11.005

 

Kahan, T. L., LaBerge, S., Levitan, L., & Zimbardo, P. (1997). Similarities and differences between dreaming and waking cognition: An exploratory study. Consciousness and Cognition, 6(1), 132-147. doi:10.1006/ccog.1996.0274. Retrieved from https://www.scu.edu/cas/psychology/faculty-and-staff/tracey-kahan/

 

Kaliuzhna, M., Vibert, D., Grivaz, P., & Blanke, O. (2015). Out-of-body experiences and other complex dissociation experiences in a patient with unilateral peripheral vestibular damage and deficient multisensory integration. Multisensory Research, 28(5/6), 613-635. doi: 10.1163/22134808-00002506


Kasian, S. J. (2005). Dream homes: When dreams seem to predict real estate sales (Doctoral Dissertation, Saybrook University).

Kellogg III, E. W. (1989). A personal experience in lucid dream healing. Lucidity Letter, 8(1), 6-7. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/845/785

 

Kellogg III, E. (1999). Lucid dream healing experiences: Firsthand accounts [ABSTRACTS]. Presented at the International Association for the Study of Dreams Conference in Santa Cruz, July 6-10. Retrieved from http://www.asdreams.org/documents/1999_kellogg_lucid-healing.htm

 

Kellogg III, E. (1992). The lucidity continuum. Presented at the Eighth Annual Conference of The Lucidity Association, in Santa Cruz, California. Retrieved from http://www.improverse.com/ed-articles/kellogg/

 

Kern, S., Appel, K., Schredl, M., & Pipa, G. (2017). No effect of α‑GPC on lucid dream induction or dream content. Somnologie, 1-6. doi: 10.1007/s11818-017-0122-8

Kiehne, G. O. (2003). The experience of flow for established Tai Chi practitioners (Doctoral Dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies).

Kitson, A., Schiphorst, T., & Riecke, B. E. (2018, April). Are you dreaming?: A phenomenological study on understanding lucid dreams as a tool for introspection in virtual reality. In Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (p. 343). Retrieved from https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=3173917

Kjellgren, A., Taylor, S. (2008). Mapping Zazen meditation as a developmental process: Exploring the experiences of experienced and inexperienced meditators. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 40(2), 224-250. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Kline, J. (2013). My father's nightmare: A psychological commentary on a big dream (Doctoral Dissertation, Saybrook University).

Knox, J., & Lynn, S. J. (2014). Sleep experiences, dissociation, imaginal experiences, and schizotypy: The role of context. Consciousness and Cognition, 2322-31. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2013.10.007

Koesler, B. (2015). An exploratory study of the clinical applications of lucid dreaming (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Massachusetts Boston).

Kohr, R. L. (1980). A survey of PSI experiences among members of a special population. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 74, 395-411.

Kozmová, M. (2012). Dreamers as agents making strategizing efforts exemplify core aggregate of executive function in non-lucid dreaming. International Journal of Dream Research, 5(1), 47-67. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/9159/pdf

 

Kozmová, M. (2015) Emotions during non-lucid problem solving dreams as evidence of secondary consciousness. Comprehensive Psychology, 4, 6. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2466/09.CP.4.6

 

Kozmova, M. (2017). Non-lucid dreamers actualize volition as ego executive capacity by engaging in problem solving. International Journal of Dream Research, 10(1), 30-52. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/33130

Kozmová, M., & Wolman, R. N. (2006). Self-awareness in dreaming. Dreaming, 16(3), 196-214. doi: 10.1037/1053-0797.16.3.196

Krippner, S., & Faith, L. (2001). Exotic dreams: A cross-cultural study. Dreaming, 11(2), 73-82. doi: 10.1023/A:1009480404011

Kueny, S. R. (1985). An examination of auditory cueing in REM sleep for the induction of lucid dreams (Doctoral Dissertation, Pacific Graduate School of Psychology).

 

Kühle, L. (2015). Insight: What is it, exactly? - A commentary on Ursula Voss & Allan Hobson. Open MIND, 38(C). Retrieved from https://scholar.google.com/

Kuiken, D. (2010). Primary and secondary consciousness during dreaming: Commentary on “The neurobiology of consciousness: Lucid dreaming wakes up” by J. Allan Hobson. International Journal of Dream Research, 3(1), 21-25. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/594/pdf_17

 

Kuiken, D., Ming-Ni, L., Eng, T., & Singh, T. (2006). The influence of impactful dreams on self-perceptual depth and spiritual transformation. Dreaming, 16(4), 258-279.

 

Kukharenko, S. (2017). The difference of modern lucid dreamers. International Journal of Dream Research, 10(1), 10-14. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/28491/pdf

Kumar, G., Sasidharan, A., & Kutty, B. M. (2018). Efficacy of the combination of cognitive training and acoustic stimulation in eliciting lucid dreams during undisturbed sleep: A pilot study using polysomnography, dream reports and questionnaires. International Journal of Dream Research, 11(2), 197-202. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/46417

Kunzendorf, R.G., Treantafel, N., Taing, B., Flete, A., & Savoie, S. (2006-2007). The sense of self in lucid dreams: "Self as subject" vs. "self as agent" vs. "self as object". Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 26(4), 303-323. doi: 10.2190/ic.26.4.c

 

LaBerge, S. (1980a). Lucid dreaming: An exploratory study of consciousness during sleep (Doctoral Dissertation, Stanford University).

 

LaBerge, S. (1980b). Lucid dreaming as a learnable skill: A case study. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 51(3, Pt 2), 1039-1042. doi: 10.2466/pms.1980.51.3f.1039

LaBerge, S. (1980c). Induction of lucid dreams. Sleep Research, 9, 138.

LaBerge, S. (1985). The temporal distribution of lucid dreams. Sleep Research, 14, 113.

 

LaBerge, S. (1987). Induction of lucid dreaming by luminous stimulation. Lucidity Letter, 6(2). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/782

LaBerge, S. (1988). Induction of lucid dreams including the use of the Dreamlight. Lucidity Letter, 7(2). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/823/763

 

LaBerge, S. (1995). Prolonging lucid dreams. NightLight, 7(3-4). Retrieved from http://www.lucidity.com/NL7.34.RU.SpinFlowRub.html

LaBerge, S. (2000). Lucid dreaming: Evidence and methodology. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 23(6), 962.

 

LaBerge, S. (2004). Substances that enhance recall and lucidity during dreaming. U.S. Patent Application No. US 2004/0266659 A1. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

 

LaBerge, S. (2010). Signal-verfied lucid dreaming proves that REM sleep can support reflective consciousness. International Journal of Dream Research, 3(1), 26-27. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/606/pdf

LaBerge, S., & Dement, W. C. (1982a). Lateralization of alpha activity for dreamed singing and counting during REM sleep. Psychophysiology, 19, 331-332.

 

LaBerge, S., & Dement, W. C. (1982b). Voluntary control of respiration during lucid REM dreaming. Sleep research, 11, 107.

 

LaBerge, S., Greenleaf, W., & Kedzierski, B. (1983). Physiological responses to dreamed sexual activity during lucid REM sleep. Psychophysiology, 20, 454-455.

 

LaBerge, S., & Levitan, L. (1991). Sleep on the right side, as a lion doth…Tibetan dream lore still true after ten centuries. NightLight, 3(3), 4-11. Retrieved from http://diyhpl.us/~bryan/papers2/dreaming/Lucidity%20Institute%20Research%20Papers.pdf

 

LaBerge, S., & Levitan, L. (1995). Validity established of DreamLight cues for eliciting lucid dreaming. Dreaming, 5(3), 159-168. doi:10.1037/h0094432

 

LaBerge, S., Zimbardo, P.G. (2000). Smooth tracking eye-movements discriminate both dreaming and perception from imagination. Paper presented at the Towards a Science of Consciousness Conference, Tucson, April 10-15. Retrieved from http://www.lucidity.com/Tucson2000abs.html

LaBerge, S., LaMarca, K., & Baird, B. (2018). Pre-sleep treatment with galantamine stimulates lucid dreaming: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. PloS One, 13(8), e0201246. Retrieved from https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0201246

 

LaBerge, S., Phillips, L., & Levitan, L. (1994). An hour of wakefulness before morning naps makes lucidity more likely. NightLight, 6(3). Retrieved from http://www.lucidity.com/NL63.RU.Naps.html

 

LaBerge, S. Levitan, L., Brylowski, A., & Dement. W. C. (1988). "Out-of-body" experiences occurring in REM sleep. Sleep Research, 17, 115.

LaBerge, S., Levitan, L., Rich, R., & Dement, W. (1988). Induction of lucid dreaming by light stimulation during REM sleep. Sleep Research, 17, 104.

LaBerge, S., Nagel, L., Dement, W., & Zarcone, V. (1981). Lucid dreaming verified by volitional communication during REM sleep. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 52(3), 727-732. doi: 10.2466/pms.1981.52.3.727

LaBerge, S., Owens, J., Nagel, L., & Dement, W. (1981). “This is a dream”: Induction of lucid dreams by verbal suggestion during REM sleep. Sleep Research, 10, 150.

LaMarca, K., & LaBerge, S. (2016). Cholinergic enhancement increases lucid dreaming in post-intervention sleep. In TSC 2016 Tucson: The Science of Consciousness (pp. 144–145). Retrieved from http://www.consciousness.arizona.edu/documents/TSC2016_BOOK_of_Abstracts_final.pdf

Lancee, J., van den Bout, J., & Spoormaker, V. I. (2010). Expanding self-help imagery rehearsal therapy for nightmares with sleep hygiene and lucid dreaming: A waiting-list controlled trial. International Journal of Dream Research, 3(2), 111–120. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/viewFile/6128/pdf

 

Laughlin, C. D., & Rock, A. J. (2014). What can we learn from shamans’ dreaming? A cross-cultural exploration. Dreaming, 24(4), 233-252. doi: 10.1037/a0038437

Law, N. H. (2017). Dreaming phenomena including lucid dreaming (Doctoral Dissertation, Alliant International University).

Lawrence, L. (2010). The problematic coherency of lucid dreaming. Journal of Mind & Behavior, 31(3/4), 157-163.

Lee, M. (2010). Reflective awareness in dreams following loss and trauma (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Alberta). Retrieved from https://era.library.ualberta.ca/files/ht24wk69v/LeeMN.pdf

Lee, M. (2017). Reflective awareness and cognitive abilities in dreams: Implications for lucid dream research. International Journal of Dream Research, 10(2), 157-163. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/40294/pdf

Lee, M. N. (2018). A phenomenological study of reflective awareness in dreams: Characteristics of attention, memory, and anticipation. International Journal of Dream Research, 11(1), 6-12. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/40338/pdf_1

Lee, M., Kuiken, D. (2015). Continuity of reflective awareness across waking and dreaming states. Dreaming, 25(2), 141-159. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Lee, R. (2004). The reimagination of death: Dream yoga, near-death, and clear light. Journal of Near–Death Studies, 22(4). Retrieved from https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc799191/

Lee, R. (2010). Forgotten fantasies? Modernity, reenchantment, and dream consciousness. Dreaming, 20(4), 288-304. doi: 10.1037/a0020842

 

Lee, R. (2015). When is dreaming waking? Continuity, lucidity and transcendence in modern contexts of dreaming. International Journal of Dream Research, 8(1), 66-71. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/15620/14033

Lee, R. (2017). Continuity, conscious dreaming and dying: Implications of dream-travel to the afterlife. International Journal of Dream Research, 10(1), 75-79. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/viewFile/33389/pdf

Lee, S. (2011). The Sang Bok Lee Neurosynchronistic Dream Scales: An empirical exploration of Jungian synchronicity. European Psychiatry, 1(26), 463. doi: 10.1016/S0924-9338(11)72170-8

Leonesio, R. J. (1995). Memory and metamemory for personal experience (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Washington).

Lequerica, A. (1996). Lucid dreaming and the mind-body relationship: A model for the cognitive and physiological variations in rapid eye movement sleep. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 83331-336. doi: 10.2466/pms.1996.83.1.331

 

Leslie, K., & Ogilvie, R. (1996). Vestibular dreams: The effect of rocking on dream mentation. Dreaming, 6(1), 1-16. doi:10.1037/h0094442

 

Levitan, L. (1989). A comparison of three methods of lucid dream induction. NightLight, 1(3), 9–12.

 

Levitan, L. (1990a). The best time for lucid dreaming. NightLight, 2(3), 9–11. Retrieved from http://diyhpl.us/~bryan/papers2/dreaming/Lucidity%20Institute%20Research%20Papers.pdf

 

Levitan, L. (1990b). Is fifteen minutes enough? It’s too soon to tell. NightLight, 2(4). 4-14. Retrieved from http://diyhpl.us/~bryan/papers2/dreaming/Lucidity%20Institute%20Research%20Papers.pdf

 

Levitan, L. (1991a). Between wakefulness and sleep. NightLight, 3(4), 9-11.

Levitan, L. (1991b). Get up early, take a nap, be lucid. NightLight, 3(1). 1–4, 9. Retrieved from http://diyhpl.us/~bryan/papers2/dreaming/Lucidity%20Institute%20Research%20Papers.pdf

 

Levitan, L., & LaBerge, S. (1990). Beyond nightmares: Lucid resourcefulness vs. helpless depression. NightLight, 2(4), 1-6.

 

Levitan, L., & LaBerge, S. (1991). Other worlds: Out-of-body experiences and lucid dreams. NightLight, 3(2-3). Retrieved from http://www.lucidity.com/NL32.OBEandLD.html

 

Levitan, L., & LaBerge, S. (1994). Of the MILD technique & dream recall, of minds & dream machines. NightLight, 6(2), 9–12.

 

Levitan, L., LaBerge, S., & Dole, J. (1992). Morning naps are better than afternoon naps for lucid dreaming. NightLight, 4(4). 4, 9–10. Retrieved from http://diyhpl.us/~bryan/papers2/dreaming/Lucidity%20Institute%20Research%20Papers.pdf

 

Levitan, L., LaBerge, S., DeGracia, D. J., Zimbardo, P. G. (1999). Out-of-body experiences, dreams, and REM sleep. Sleep and Hypnosis, 3(1), 186-196. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Liu, C. Z. (2016). Making Inception a reality: Lucid dreaming in science fiction and technology. Intersect, 9(2). Retrieved from http://web.stanford.edu/group/ojs3/cgi-bin/ojs/index.php/intersect/article/view/821/803

Lorien, D. G. (2012). Assembled identities: Transformation of identity in Tibetan Buddhist three-year retreats (Doctoral Dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies).

Luke, D., & Zychowicz, K. (2014). Working the graveyard shift at the witching hour: Further exploration of dreams, psi and circadian rhythms. International Journal of Dream Research, 7(2), 105-112. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/12000/10410

Lüth, K. J., Appel, K., Pipa, G., & Schredl, M. (2018). The public perception of lucid dreaming and its research. International Journal of Dream Research, 11(2), 186-196. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/51105/pdf

M-S
 

Magallon, L. (1987). Awake in the dark: Imageless lucid dreaming. Lucidity Letter, 6(1). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/752/693

 

Malamud, J. R. (1979). The development of a training method for the cultivation of 'lucid' awareness in fantasy, dreams, and waking life (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, New York University).

 

Maranto, D. L. (1999). Cognitive-affective and behavioral correlates of dreams (Master’s Thesis, University of South Alabama).

Margolin, L. (2011). Dream use and efficacy: A phenomenological study (Doctoral Dissertation, Walden University).

Marko, P. W. (2006). Exploring facilitative agents that allow ego development to occur (Doctoral Dissertation, Saybrook University).

Mascaro, K. R. (2016). The effects of announcing dreams: An investigation of pregnant women’s perceived communication with their unborn. International Journal of Dream Research, 9(1), 7–14. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/19972/pdf

Mason, L. I., & Orme-Johnson, D. (2010). Transcendental consciousness wakes up in dreaming and deep sleep. International Journal of Dream Research, 3(1), 28-32. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/595/pdf_18

 

Mason, L. I., Alexander, C. N., Travis, F. T., Marsh, G., Orme-Johnson, D. W., Gackenbach, J.,…Walton, K. G. (1997). Electrophysiological correlates of higher states of consciousness during sleep in long-term practitioners of the transcendental meditation program. Sleep, 20(2), 102–110. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

McLaughlin, T., Blum, K., Oscar-Berman, M., Febo, M., Demetrovics, Z., Agan, G., & ... Gold, M. S. (2015). Using the Neuroadaptagen KB200z™ to ameliorate terrifying, lucid nightmares in RDS patients: The role of enhanced, brain-reward, functional connectivity and dopaminergic homeostasis. Journal of Reward Deficiency Syndrome, 1(1), 24-35. Retrieved from http://blumsrewarddeficiencysyndrome.com/articles/v1n1/jrds-006-thomas-mclaughlin.html

 

McLaughlin, T., Blum, K., Oscar-Berman, M., Febo, M., Agan, G., Fratantonio, J. L., & ... Gold, M. S. (2015). Putative dopamine agonist (KB220Z) attenuates lucid nightmares in PTSD patients: role of enhanced brain reward functional connectivity and homeostasis redeeming joy. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 4(2), 106-115. doi: 10.1556/2006.4.2015.008

Meaidi, A., Pourhadi, N., Ptito, M., Kupers, R., & Jennum, P. (2016). Dreams in narcoleptic patients with and without cataplexy. Journal of Sleep Research, 25(S1), 245.

Metzinger, T. (2005). Out-of-body experiences as the origin of the concept of a 'soul'. Mind and Matter, 3(1), 57-84. Retrieved from https://philpapers.org/archive/METOEA

 

Millar. C. R. (1990). A descriptive analysis of psychic opening. (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies).

 

Mir Amiri, R. R. (1987). Self-reflection in dreams in relation to self-awareness and personality growth: An experimental study (Doctoral Dissertation, United States International University).

 

Moss, K. (1986). Personal and theoretical considerations: The dream lucidity continuum. Lucidity Letter, 5(2), 25–28. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/download/724/666

 

Moss, K. (1989). Performing the light-switch task in lucid dreams: A case study. Journal of Mental Imagery.

 

Mota, N. B., Resende, A., Mota-Rolim, S. A., Copelli, M., & Ribeiro, S. (2016). Psychosis and the control of lucid dreaming. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 294. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4783408/

 

Mota-Rolim, S. (2012). Epidemiological, cognitive-behavioral and neurophysiological aspects of lucid dreaming (Doctoral Dissertation, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte). 

 

Mota-Rolim, S., & Araujo, J. (2013). Neurobiology and clinical implications of lucid dreaming. Medical Hypotheses, 81(5), 751-756. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2013.04.049

 

Mota-Rolim, S. A., Erlacher, D., Tort, A. B. L., Araujo, J. F., & Ribeiro, S. (2010). Different kinds of subjective experience during lucid dreaming may have different neural substrates. International Journal of Dream Research, 3(1), 33–35. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/596/pdf_19

 

Mota-Rolim, S., Targino, Z., Souza, B., Blanco, W., Araujo, J., & Ribeiro, S. (2013). Dream characteristics in a Brazilian sample: An online survey focusing on lucid dreaming. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 836. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3857923/

 

Muniz, C. M. (2005). Reconhecendo a oniricidade: um estudo exploratório sobre a metacognição do estado onírico [Recognizing the oneiricity: an exploratory study about the oneiric state metacognition]. Ciências & Cognição, 5(1), 67-83. 

 

Mutz, J., & Javadi, A. H. (2017). Exploring the neural correlates of dream phenomenology and altered states of consciousness during sleep. Neuroscience of Consciousness, 3(1). Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Neider, M., Pace-Schott, E., Forselius, E., Pittman, B., & Morgan, P. (2011). Lucid dreaming and ventromedial versus dorsolateral prefrontal task performance. Consciousness and Cognition, 20(2), 234-244. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2010.08.001

 

Neuhäusler, A., Schredl, M., & Göritz, A. S. (2018). General knowledge about lucid dreaming and lucid dream induction techniques: An online study. International Journal of Dream Research, 11(2), 179-185. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/50491

Nielsen, T., Svob, C., & Kuiken, D. (2009). Dream-enacting behaviors in a normal population. Sleep, 32(12), 1629-1636. Retrieved from https://academic.oup.com/sleep/article/32/12/1629/2454358

Nir, Y., Tononi, G. (2010). Dreaming and the brain: from phenomenology to neurophysiology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14(2), 88. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2814941/?tool=pmcentrez

 

Noble, K. D. (2017). Why consciousness matters: Insights from a new generation. Consciousness: Ideas and Research for the Twenty First Century, 2(5), 1-22. Retrieved from http://www.conscjournal.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/WCM-1.pdf

 

Noreika, V., Windt, J. M., Lenggenhager, B., Karim, A. A. (2010). New perspectives for the study of lucid dreaming: From brain stimulation to philosophical theories of self-consciousness. International Journal of Dream Research, 3(1), 36-45. Retrieved from http://www.blogs.uni-mainz.de/fb05philosophie/files/2013/04/noreika-et-al-new-perspectives.pdf

 

Noveski, A., Schredl, M., & Göritz, A. (2016). Frequency of sport dreams and dreams about politics: An online study. International Journal of Dream Research, 9(2), 142-145. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/32670/pdf

 

Nguyen, T. T., Madrid, S., Marquez, H., & Hicks, R. A. (2002). Nightmare frequency, nightmare distress, and anxiety. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 95(1), 219-225.

Occhiogrosso, P. (1997). Dream yoga: Masters of this esoteric practice tell us we can wake up from life's dream while we're asleep. Yoga Journal, (132), 60.

 

Ogilvie, R., Vieira, K., & Small, R. (1991). EEG activity during lucid dreaming. Lucidity Letter, 10(1/2). Retrieved from http://www.sawka.com/spiritwatch/eeg.htm

Ogilvie, R., Hunt, H., Kushniruk, A., & Newman, J. (1983). Lucid dreams and the arousal continuum. Lucidity Letter, 2(2). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/597/511

Ogilvie, R., Hunt, H., Sawicki, C. & McGowan, K. (1978). Searching for lucid dreams. Sleep Research, 7, 165.

 

Ogilvie, R., Hunt, H. T., Tyson, P. D., Lucescu, M. L., & Jeakins, D. B. (1982). Lucid dreaming and alpha activity: A preliminary report. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 55(3 Pt 1), 795-808. doi: 10.2466/pms.1982.55.3.795

 

Okada, H., & Wakasaya, K. (2016). Dreams of hearing-impaired, compared with hearing, individuals are more sensory and emotional. Dreaming, 26(3), 202-207. doi: 10.1037/drm0000026

 

Olsen, C. C. (2011). The historical emergence of the lucid dreaming concept in the United States and the United Kingdom (Doctoral Dissertation, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology).

 

Oudiette, D., Dodet, P., Ledard, N., Artru, E., Rachidi, I., Similowski, T., Arnulf, I. (2018). REM sleep respiratory behaviours mental content in narcoleptic lucid dreamers. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 2636. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-21067-9

Owczarski, W. (2018). Adaptive nightmares of holocaust survivors: The auschwitz camp in the former inmates’ dreams. Dreaming, 28(4), 287-302. doi: 10.1037/drm0000086

Pagel, J. F. (2012). The synchronous electrophysiology of conscious states. Dreaming, 22(3), 173-191. doi:10.1037/a0029659

 

​​Palmer, G. T. (1999). Disclosure and assimilation of exceptional human experiences: Meaningful, transformative, and spiritual aspects (Doctoral Dissertation, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology).

Palmer, J. (1979). A community mail survey of psychic experiences. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, 73(3), 221-251.

Pantani, M., Tagini, A., & Raffone, A. (2016). Phenomenal consciousness, access consciousness and self across waking and dreaming: Bridging phenomenology and neuroscience. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 1-23. doi: 10.1007/s11097-016-9491-x

 

Paquette, A. (2018). The interpretation of independent agents and spiritual content in dreams. International Journal of Dream Research, 11(2), 86-105. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/41217

Parappully, J. (1997). Finding the plentifulness in the darkness: Transforming trauma into gift (Doctoral Dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies).

Parker, A. (2017). Current research on lucid dreaming and shared lucidity states [ABSTRACT]. Presented at International Conference of the Society for Psychical Research in Leatherhead, United Kingdom, Sept 1-3. Retrieved https://www.spr.ac.uk/sites/spr.ac.uk/files/ABSTRACTS%20BOOK%202017%20COMPLETE%20WITH%20COVERS.pdf#page=13

 

Parker, J. D., & Blackmore, S. J. (2002). Comparing the content of sleep paralysis and dream reports. Dreaming, 12(1), 45-59. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1013894522583

 

Parra, A. (2014). Diferencias individuales en la frecuencia del recuerdo de sueños exóticos [Individual differences in exotic dreams recall]. Suma Psicológica, 21(1), 63-69. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0121438114700086


Pascoe, F. N. (2010). Shared dreaming and communication within intimate human relationships (Doctoral Dissertation, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology). Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Patrick, A. A., & Durndell, A. A. (2004). Lucid dreaming and personality: A replication. Dreaming, 14(4), 234-239. doi: 10.1037/1053-0797.14.4.234

 

Paul, F., Schädlich, M., & Erlacher, D. (2014). Lucid dream induction by visual and tactile stimulation: An exploratory sleep laboratory study. International Journal of Dream Research, 7(1), 61-66. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/13044

 

Paulsson, T., & Parker, A. (2006). The effects of a two-week reflection-intention training program on lucid dream recall. Dreaming, 16(1), 22-35. doi: 10.1037/1053-0797.16.1.22

 

Payne, P. (2013). A video mnemonic: Consciousness research through creative practice. Technoetic Arts: A Journal of Speculative Research, 11(2), 163-172. doi: 10.1386/tear.11.2.163_1

 

Peterson, R. (1995, April). Out-of-body experiences vs. lucid dreams. Retrieved from http://www.robertpeterson.org/obe-vs-lucid.html

 

Penderson, S. W. (2013). A video game design experiment about lucid dreaming (Master’s Thesis, IT University of Copenhagen). Retrieved from http://www.weberworks.dk/LucidDreamscapes/Sune's%20Master%20Thesis%20-%20extended%20version.pdf

 

Piller, R. (2009). Cerebral specialization during lucid dreaming: A right hemisphere hypothesis. Dreaming, 19(4), 273-286. doi: 10.1037/a0017994

 

Prescott, J. A., & Pettigrew, C. G. (1995). Lucid dreaming and control in waking life. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 81(2), 658. doi: 10.2466/pms.1995.81.2.658

 

Puhle, A., & Parker, A. (2017). An exploratory study of lucid dreams concerning deceased persons. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 81(3), 145-160.

Purcell, S. D. (1988). The education of attention to dreaming in high and low frequency dream recallers: The effects on dream self-reflectiveness lucidity and control (Doctoral Dissertation, Carleton University, Canada).

 

Purcell, S. D., Mullington, J., Moffitt, A., Hoffmann, R., & Pigeau, R. (1986). Dream self-reflectiveness as a learned cognitive skill. Sleep, 9(3), 423–437. PMID: 3764289

 

Quaglia, J. T., & Holecek, A. (2018). Lucid virtual dreaming: Antecedents and consequents of virtual lucidity during virtual threat. In Press at Proceedings of IEEE Virtual Reality conference 2018. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Rak, M., Beitinger, P., Steiger, A., Schredl, M., & Dresler, M. (2015). Increased lucid dreaming frequency in narcolepsy. Sleep, 38(5), 787-792. Retrieved from https://academic.oup.com/sleep/article/38/5/787/2416994

 

Rao, S. C. (2009). Meditative central apneas during lucid dreaming?. Sleep & Hypnosis, 11(1), 27-28.


Reed, H. (1978). Meditation and lucid dreaming: A statistical relationship. Sundance Community Dream Journal, 2, 237-238.

 

Rees, O. (2016). The ominous numinous: Symbols and transformation in the sleep paralysis nightmare (Doctoral Dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute).

 

Ritchie, T. D., & Skowronski, J. J. (2008). Perceived change in the affect associated with dreams: the fading affect bias and its moderators. Dreaming, 18(1), 27. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Rizea, A. E., & Malinowski, J. E. (2017). An investigation of a dual-processing hypothesis of lucid dreaming. International Journal of Dream Research, 10(1), 15-22. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/29722

 

Robert, G. & Zadra, A. (2008), Measuring nightmare and bad dream frequency: Impact of retrospective and prospective instruments. Journal of Sleep Research, 17, 132–139. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2869.2008.00649.x/full

 

Robert, G., & Zadra, A. (2014). Thematic and content analysis of idiopathic nightmares and bad dreams. Sleep, 37(2), 409-417. Retrieved from https://academic.oup.com/sleep/article/37/2/409/2558975

Rosen, M. G. (2013). What I make up when I wake up: Anti-experience views and narrative fabrication of dreams. Frontiers in psychology, 4, 514. Retrieved from https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00514/full

 

Rotenberg, V. S. (2015). Lucid dreams: their advantage and disadvantage in the frame of search activity concept. Frontiers in Psychology, 61472. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4588635/

 

Roy, P. K., & Majumder, D. D. (2003). Cognitive processing and activation during sleep and dream: An analysis using stochastic transition and stochastic resonance. IETE Journal of Research, 49(2–3), 183–195. doi: 10.1080/03772063.2003.11416336

Ribeiro, N., Gounden, Y., & Quaglino, V. (2016). Investigating on the methodology effect when evaluating lucid dream. Frontiers in Psychology, 71306. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5003896/

 

Rider, R. (2012). Exploring the relationship between mindfulness in waking and lucidity in dreams (Master's Thesis, Drexel University).

 

Ringmar, E. (2016). Lucid dreams, perfect nightmares: consciousness, capitalism and our sleeping selves. Distinktion: Journal of Social Theory, 17(3), 355-362. Retrieved from https://lucris.lub.lu.se/ws/files/12780200/Erik_Ringmar_Lucid_Dreams_Perfect_Nighmares.pdf

 

Ritchie, T. D., & Skowronski, J. J. (2008). Perceived change in the affect associated with dreams: The fading affect bias and its moderators. Dreaming, 18(1), 27-43. Retrieved from https://scholar.google.com/

 

Rizea, A. E., & Malinowski, J. E. (2017). An investigation of a dual-processing hypothesis of lucid dreaming. International Journal of Dream Research, 10(1), 15-22. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/29722/pdf

 

Rosen, M. (2013). What I make up when I wake up: Anti-experience views and narrative fabrication of dreams. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 514. Retrieved from http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00514/full

 

Rosenbusch, K. M. A. (2016). Lucid dreaming: Exploring the effects of lucidity within dreams on emotion regulation, positive emotions, interoceptive awareness, and mindfulness (Master’s Thesis, Arizona State University). Retrieved from Google Scholar

Ruttenburg, B. H. (2000). The role of paranormal experiences in healing, growth, and transformation: A study of clinical parapsychology (Doctoral Dissertation, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology).

 

Sagnier, S., Coulon, P., Chaufton, C., Poli, M., Debruxelles, S., Renou, P., & ... Sibon, I. (2015). Lucid dreams, an atypical sleep disturbance in anterior and mediodorsal thalamic strokes. Revue Neurologique, 171(11), 768-772. doi:10.1016/j.neurol.2015.08.005

 

Sándor, P., Szakadát, S., & Bódizs, R. (2016). The development of cognitive and emotional processing as reflected in children’s dreams: Active self in an eventful dream signals better neuropsychological skills. Dreaming, 26(1), 58-78. doi: 10.1037/drm0000022


Sanz, C. & Tagliazucchi, E. (2018). The experience elicited by hallucinogens presents the highest similarity to dreaming within a large database of psychoactive substance reports. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 12, 7. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5786560/
 

Saunders, D. T., Roe, C. A., Smith, G., & Clegg, H. (2016). Lucid dreaming incidence: A quality effects meta-analysis of 50 years of research. Consciousness & Cognition, 43197-215. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2016.06.002

 

Scapin, F., Dehon, H., & Englebert, J. (2018). Assessment of a French version of the Mannheim Dream questionnaire (MADRE) in a Belgian sample. International Journal of Dream Research, 11(1), 46-53. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/42597/pdf

Schädlich, M. (2018). Motor learning in lucid dreams – Quantitative and qualitative investigations (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Heidelberg).

Schädlich, M., & Erlacher, D. (2012). Applications of lucid dreams: An online study. International Journal of Dream Research, 5(2), 134-138. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/9505/pdf_31

 

​Schädlich, M., & Erlacher, D. (2018). Lucid music: A pilot study exploring the experiences and potential of music-making in lucid dreams. Dreaming, 28(3), 278.

Schädlich, M., & Erlacher, D. (2018). Practicing sports in lucid dreams – characteristics, effects, and practical implications. Current Issues in Sport Science, 3:007. Retrieved from journal database

Schädlich, M., Erlacher, D., & Schredl, M. (2016). Improvement of darts performance following lucid dream practice depends on the number of distractions while rehearsing within the dream - a sleep laboratory pilot study. Journal of Sports Sciences, 1-8. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2016.1267387

 

Schadow, C., Schredl, M., Rieger, J., & Göritz, A. S. The relationship between lucid dream frequency and sleep quality: Two cross-sectional studies. International Journal of Dream Research, 11(2), 154-159. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/48341

Schlag-Gies, C. (1992). Untersuchung der Effektivität zur Induktion von Klarträumen [Investigation of the effectiveness of methods for inducing lucid dreams] (Unpublished Masters Thesis, Saarland University).

 

Schmidt, S. C., Stumbrys, T., & Erlacher, D. (2014). Dream characters and the dream ego: An exploratory online study in lucid dreams. Dreaming, 24(2), 138. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Schredl, M. (2002). Questionnaires and diaries as research instruments in dream research: Methodological issues. Dreaming, 12(1), 17-26. doi:10.1023/A:1013890421674

 

Schredl, M. (2006). Factors affecting the continuity between waking and dreaming: Emotional intensity and emotional tone of the waking-life event. Sleep & Hypnosis, 8(1), 1-5. Retrieved from http://www.sleepandhypnosis.org/ing/Pdf/0c3593dc08ee409cb3a0a3aa6f5a79c6.pdf

 

Schredl, M. (2008). Laboratory references in dreams: Methodological problem and/or evidence for the continuity hypothesis of dreaming? International Journal of Dream Research, 1(1), 3-6. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/viewFile/19/100?origin=publication_detail

 

Schredl, M. (2010). Dreaming and waking: Phenomenological and biological differences. International Journal of Dream Research, 3(1), 46-48. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/585/pdf

 

Schredl, M. (2011). Frequency and nature of flying dreams in a long dream series. International Journal of Dream Research, 4(1), 31-34. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/9077/2924 

 

Schredl, M. (2013). Frequency of lucid dreams in a long dream series of an infrequent lucid dreamer. International Journal of Dream Research, 6(1), 65-68. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/9616/pdf_40

 

Schredl, M., & Doll, E. (2001). Dream recall, attitude towards dreams and mental health. Sleep and Hypnosis, 3(4), 135–143. Retrieved from http://www.sleepandhypnosis.org/ing/Pdf/9310dfb9ed7e48498f19dfd8b160a71e.pdf

 

Schredl, M., & Erlacher, D. (2004a). Lucid dream frequency and personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 37(7), 1463-1473. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2004.02.003

 

Schredl, M., & Erlacher, D. (2004b). Lucid dreaming frequency and dream recall frequency measures. doi:10.1037/t12258-000

 

Schredl, M., & Erlacher, D. (2007). Self-reported effects of dreams on waking-life creativity: an empirical study. The Journal of Psychology, 141(1), 35-46. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3200/JRLP.141.1.35-46

 

Schredl, M., & Erlacher, D. (2011). Frequency of lucid dreaming in a representative German sample. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 112(1), 104-108. doi:10.2466/09.PMS.112.1.104-108

 

Schredl, M., & Göritz, A. S. (2015). Changes in dream recall frequency, nightmare frequency, and lucid dream frequency over a 3-year period. Dreaming, 25(2), 81-87. doi:10.1037/a0039165

 

Schredl, M. & Hofmann, F. (2003). Continuity between waking activities and dream activities. Consciousness and Cognition, 12(2), 298–308.

 

Schredl, M., & Noveski, A. (2017). Lucid dreaming: A diary study. Imagination, Cognition & Personality. doi: 10.1177/0276236617742622

Schredl, M., & Piel, E. (2007). Prevalence of flying dreams. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 105, 657-660.

 

Schredl, M., & Reinhard, I. (2008). Gender differences in dream recall: A meta-analysis. Journal of Sleep Research, 17(2), 125-131. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2869.2008.00626.x/full

 

Schredl, M., Henley-Einion, J., Blagrove, M. (2012). Lucid dreaming in children: The UK library study. International Journal of Dream Research, 5(1), 94-98. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/9274/pdf

 

Schredl, M., Henley-Einion, J., & Blagrove, M. (2016). Lucid dreaming and personality in children/adolescents and adults: The UK library study. International Journal of Dream Research, 9(1), 75-78. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/26454/pdf

Schredl, M., Rieger, J., & Göritz, A. S. (2018). Measuring lucid dreaming skills: A new questionnaire (LUSK). International Journal of Dream Research, 11(1), 54-61. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/44040/pdf

 

Schredl, M., Rieger, J., & Göritz, A. S. (2019). Measuring attitude toward lucid dreams: A six-item scale. Dreaming, 29(1), 91-99. 

Schredl, M., Stumbrys, T., & Erlacher, D. (2016). Dream recall, nightmare frequency, and spirituality. Dreaming, 26(1), 1-9. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Schredl, M., Samaras, A., Henley-Einion, J., & Blagrove, M. (2018). Book preferences and nightmares: The UK library study. Dreaming, 28(1), 24.
 

Schredl, M., Beaton, A., Henley-Einion, J., & Blagrove, M. (2013). Handedness and dream-recall frequency. Dreaming, 23(2), 156-162. doi: 10.1037/a0032210

 

Schredl, M., Ciric, P., Götz, S., & Wittmann, L. (2003). Dream recall frequency, attitude towards dreams and openness to experience. Dreaming, 13(3), 145-153. doi: 10.1023/A:1025369311813

 

Schredl, M., Berres, S., Klingauf, A., Schellhaas, S., Göritz A. (2014). The Mannheim Dream questionnaire (MADRE): Retest reliability, age and gender effects. International Journal of Dream Research, 7(2), 141-147. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/16675/pdf_82

 

Sela-Smith, S. (1998). Regaining wholeness: A heuristic inquiry into childhood sexual abuse (Master’s Thesis, Saybrook University). 


Sergio, W. (1988). Use of  DMAE  (2-Dimethylaminoethanol)  in  the induction  of  lucid  dreams. Medical Hypotheses, 26, 255-257. doi: 10.1016/0306-9877(88)90129-6  

 

Shahabian, M., Kargar, E., Ferdosi, N. S., Tajik, F., Sorayani, F. J., Moghadam, S. A., ... & Gholamalizade, V. (2018). Validity, reliability and factor analysis the Persian adaption of Mannheim Dream questionnaire (MADRE). International Journal of Dream Research, 11(2), 135-140. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/46446

Shamiya, M., & Hardin, K. (2018). Pathologic lucid dreams in a patient with fibromyalgia: A case report. Sleep, 41(suppl_1), A408. doi: 10.1093/sleep/zsy063.1096

Shorter, J. E. (2010). Visitation dreams in grieving individuals: A phenomenological inquiry into the relationship between dreams and the grieving process (Doctoral Dissertation, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology).


Skrzypińska, D., & Słodka, M. (2014). Who are the people in my dreams? Self-awareness and character identification in dreams. International Journal of Dream Research, 7(1), 23-32. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/12121/pdf_60

 

Slater, J., & Hunt, H. T. (1997). Postural-vestibular integration and forms of dreaming: A preliminary report on the effects of brief T'ai Chi Chuan training. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 85(1), 97-98.

Smalheiser, N. R. (2019). Mining clinical case reports to identify new lines of investigation in Alzheimer’s disease: The curious case of DNase I. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease Reports, 3(1), 71-76. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Smith, B. V., & Blagrove, M. (2015). Lucid dreaming frequency and alarm clock snooze button use. Dreaming, 25(4), 291-299. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Snyder, T. J. & Gackenbach, J. I. (1981). Lucid dreaming and cerebral organization. Sleep Research, 10, 154.

 

Solomonova, E., Dubé, S., Samson-Richer, A., Blanchette-Carrière, C., Paquette, T., & Nielsen, T. (2018). Dream content and procedural learning in Vipassana meditators and controls. Dreaming, 28(2), 99-121. Retrieved from Google Scholar database
 

Soffer-Dudek, N., & Shahar, G. (2009). What are sleep-related experiences? Associations with transliminality, psychological distress, and life stress. Consciousness and Cognition, 18(4), 891-904. 


Soffer-Dudek, N. S. (2016). Sleep-related experiences longitudinally predict elevation in psychopathological distress in young adult Israelis exposed to terrorism. Personality & Individual Differences, 100131-139. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.12.006

 

Soffer-Dudek, N. (2017). Arousal in nocturnal consciousness: How dream- and sleep-experiences may inform us of poor sleep quality, stress, and psychopathology. Frontiers in Psychology, 8(733). Retrieved from http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00733/full

 

Soffer-Dudek, N., Wertheim, R., & Shahar, G. (2011). Lucid dreaming and resilience in the face of exposure to terrorism. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24(1), 125-128. 

 

Spadafora, A., & Hunt, H. T. (1990). The multiplicity of dreams: Cognitive-affective correlates of lucid, archetypal, and nightmare dreaming. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 71(2), 627-644. doi: 10.2466/pms.1990.71.2.627

 

Spanos, N. P., McNulty, S. A., DuBreuil, S. C., Pires, M., & Burgess, M. F. (1995). The frequency and correlates of sleep paralysis in a university sample. Journal of Research in Personality, 29(3), 285-305. doi: 10.1006/jrpe.1995.1017

 

Sparrow, G. S. (1974). Lucid dreaming as an evolutionary process (Master's Thesis, West Georgia College).

 

Sparrow, G. S. (1983). An exploration into the induction of greater reflectiveness and 'lucidity' in nocturnal dream reports (Doctoral Dissertation, The College of William and Mary). 


Sparrow, G. (2014). Analyzing chronic dream ego responses in co-creative dream analysis. International Journal of Dream Research, 7(1), 33-38. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/12128/pdf_62

 

Sparrow, G., & Thurston, M. (2010). The Five Star Method: A relational dream work methodology. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 5(2), 204-215. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Sparrow, G. S., Hurd, R., & Carlson, R. (2016). Assessing the perceived differences in post-Galantamine lucid dreams vs. non-Galantamine lucid dreams. International Journal of Dream Research, 9(1), 71-74. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/25606/pdf

 

Sparrow, G., Thurston, M., & Carlson, R. (2013). Dream reliving and meditation as a way to enhance reflectiveness and constructive engagement in dreams. International Journal of Dream Research, 6(2), 84-93. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/10151/pdf_48

Sparrow, G., Hurd, R., Carlson, R., & Molina, A. (2018). Exploring the effects of galantamine paired with meditation and dream reliving on recalled dreams: Toward an integrated protocol for lucid dream induction and nightmare resolution. Consciousness and Cognition, 63, 74-88.

 

Spoormaker, V. I., van den Bout, J., & Meijer, E. G. (2003). Lucid dreaming treatment for nightmares: A series of cases. Dreaming, 13(3), 181-186. doi: 10.1023/A:1025325529560

 

Spoormaker, V. I., & van den Bout, J. (2006). Lucid dreaming treatment for nightmares: A pilot study. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 75(6), 389-394. 

 

Spoormaker V. I., Czisch, M., Dresler, M. (2010). Lucid and non-lucid dreaming: thinking in networks. International Journal of Dream Research, 3, 49–51. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/28491/pdf

 

Squier, L. H., & Domhoff, G. W. (1998). The presentation of dreaming and dreams in introductory psychology textbooks: A critical examination with suggestions for textbook authors and course instructors. Dreaming, 8(3), 149-168. doi: 10.1037/h0094486

 

Stefik, B. S. (2000). An exploratory study of the effects of practicing Tibetan dream yoga four foundations on waking life awareness and dreams (Doctoral Dissertation, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology).

 

Steinwedel, J. S. (2005). Dream work in leadership coaching: An exploratory study (Doctoral Dissertation, Fielding Graduate University).

Stepansky, R. R., Holzinger, B. B., Schmeiser-Rieder, A. A., Saletu, B. B., Kunze, M. M., & Zeitlhofer, J. J. (1998). Austrian dream behavior: Results of a representative population survey. Dreaming, 8(1), 23-30. doi:10.1023/B:DREM.0000005912.77493.d6

 

Stewart, D. W., & Koulack, D. (1989). A rating system for lucid dream content. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9(1), 67-74. doi: 10.2190/nnp2-22v0-6k7h-a6j8

 

Stickgold, R., Pace-Schott, E., & Hobson, J. (1994). A new paradigm for dream research: Mentation reports following spontaneous arousal from REM and NREM sleep recorded in a home setting. Consciousness and Cognition, 3(1), 16-29. doi: 10.1006/ccog.1994.1002

 

Stowell, M. S. (1995). Precognitive dreams: A phenomenological study of adults who report experiencing dreams about events which later occur (Doctoral Dissertation, Saybrook University).

 

Stuckey, D. E. (2004). EEG gamma coherence and other correlates of subjective reports during ayahuasca experiences (Doctoral Dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies).

Stumbrys, T. (2011). Lucid dreaming: Discontinuity or continuity in consciousness? International Journal of Dream Research, 4(2), 93-97. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/9146/pdf

 

Stumbrys, T. (2018). Lucid nightmares: A survey of their frequency, features, and factors in lucid dreamers. Dreaming, 28(3), 193-204. doi: 10.1037/drm0000090

Stumbrys, T., & Daniels, M. (2010). An exploratory study of creative problem solving in lucid dreams: Preliminary findings and methodological considerations. International Journal of Dream Research, 3(2), 121-129. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/6167

 

Stumbrys, T., & Daunytė, V. (2018). Visiting the land of dream muses: The relationship between lucid dreaming and creativity. International Journal of Dream Research, 11(2), 207-212. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/48667

Stumbrys, T., & Erlacher, D. (2012). Lucid dreaming during NREM sleep: Two case reports. International Journal of Dream Research, 5(2), 151-155. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/9483/pdf_30

 

Stumbrys, T., & Erlacher, D. (2017). Mindfulness and lucid dream frequency predicts the ability to control lucid dreams. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 36(3), 229. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Stumbrys, T., & Erlacher, D. (2017). Inner ghosts: Encounters with threatening dream characters in lucid dreams. Dreaming, 27(1), 40-48. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Stumbrys, T., & Erlacher, D. (2016). Applications of lucid dreams and their effects on the mood upon awakening. International Journal of Dream Research, 9(2), 146-50. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/33114/pdf

 

Stumbrys, T., Erlacher, D., & Malinowski, P. (2015). Meta-awareness during day and night: The relationship between mindfulness and lucid dreaming. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 34(4), 415-433. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Stumbrys, T., Erlacher, D., & Schmidt, S. (2011). Lucid dream mathematics: An explorative online study of arithmetic abilities of dream characters. International Journal of Dream Research, 4(1), 35-40. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/9079/2926

 

Stumbrys, T., Erlacher, D., & Schredl, M. (2013). Dream Lucidity Questionnaire. doi:10.1037/t28272-000

 

Stumbrys, T., Erlacher, D., & Schredl, M. (2013). Testing the involvement of the prefrontal cortex in lucid dreaming: A tDCS study. Consciousness and Cognition, 22(4), 1214-1222. Retrieved from http://boris.unibe.ch/39249/2/tDCS_10.pdf

 

Stumbrys, T., Erlacher, D., & Schredl, M. (2016). Effectiveness of motor practice in lucid dreams: A comparison with physical and mental practice. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(1), 27-34. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Stumbrys, T., Erlacher, D., Johnson, M., & Schredl, M. (2014). The phenomenology of lucid dreaming: An online survey. The American Journal of Psychology, 127(2), 191-204. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Stumbrys, T., Erlacher, D., Schädlich, M., & Schredl, M. (2012). Induction of lucid dreams: a systematic review of evidence. Consciousness and Cognition, 21(3), 1456-1475. Retrieved from http://boris.unibe.ch/39251/1/21_LucidDreamInductionReview_23_revised.pdf

 

Suaso, F.V. (2011). A case study of the shamanic technique of dreamwalking. (Doctoral Dissertation, Saybrook University).

 

Szczegielniak, A., Palka, K., Goc, T., & Krysta, K. (2015). Lucid dreaming: A mysterious phenomenon. European Psychiatry, 30, 1780. doi: 10.1016/S0924-9338(15)31372-9

 
T-Z

Tai, M., Mastin, D. F., Peszka, J. (2017). The relationship between video game use, game genre, and lucid/control dreaming [ABSTRACT]. Sleep, 40(1_supp), A271.

 

Taitz, I. (2011). Learning lucid dreaming and its effect on depression in undergraduates. International Journal of Dream Research, 4(2), 117-126. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/9123/pdf

 

Tang, H., Sharma, N., & Whyte, K. F. (2006). Lucid dreaming during Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT). Sleep Medicine, 7(5), 462-463. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2006.02.010

 

Tanner, B. A. (2004). Multimodal behavioral treatment of nonrepetitive, treatment-resistant nightmares: A case report. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 99(3 Pt 2), 1139-1146. doi: 10.2466/pms.99.3f.1139-1146

 

Tanuvasa, K. N., O’Loughlin-Brooks, J. L., Smith, V. T., Fortney, J. (2011). In your dreams: Exploring lucid dreaming, dream recall and general intelligence. Journal of Psychological Inquiry, 16(1), 31-39. 

 

Tart, C. (1984). Terminology in lucid dream research. Lucidity Letter, 3(1), 4-6. Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/421/463

 

Tart, C. T., & Dick, L. (1970). Conscious control of dreaming: The posthypnotic dream. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 76(2), 304-315. doi: 10.1037/h0029946


Tedlock, B. (2004). The poetics and spirituality of dreaming: A Native American enactive theory. Dreaming, 14(2-3), 183-189. doi: 10.1037/1053-0797.14.2-3.183

 

Tedlock, B. (2007). Bicultural dreaming as an intersubjective communicative process. Dreaming, 17(2), 57-72. doi: 10.1037/1053-0797.17.2.57

 

Tholey, P. (1981). Empirische Untersuchungen über Klarträume [Empirical study on lucid dreams]. Gestalt Theory, 3(1/2), 21–62.

 

Tholey, P. (1982). Bewußtseinsveränderung im Schlaf. Wach' ich oder träum' ich? [Alteration of consciousness during sleep. Am I awake or dreaming?]. Psychologie Heute, 9(12), 68-78. Retrieved from http://gestalttheory.net/archive/tholeywach.pdf

 

Tholey, P. (1983). Techniques for inducing and manipulating lucid dreams. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 57(1), 79–90. doi: 10.2466/pms.1983.57.1.79

 

Tholey, P. (1983). Relation between dream content and eye movements tested by lucid dreams. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 56(3), 875-878. doi: 10.2466/pms.1983.56.3.875

 

Tholey, P. (1989). Consciousness and abilities of dream characters observed during lucid dreaming. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 68(2), 567-578. doi: 10.2466/pms.1989.68.2.567

 

Tholey, P. (1989). Overview of the development of lucid dream research in Germany. Lucidity Letter, 8(2). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/399/310

 

Tholey, P. (1989). Die Entfaltung des Bewußtseins als ein Weg zur schöpferischen Freiheit: Vom Träumer zum Krieger [The unfolding of consciousness as a way to creative freedom: From dreamer to warrior]. Bewußt Sein, 1(1), 25-56. Retrieved from http://www.oobe.ch/tholey02.htm

 

Tholey, P. (1990). Application of lucid dreaming in sports. Lucidity Letter, 9(2). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/658/574

 

Thomas, P. F. (1978). The influence of dreams in the personal changes of forty adults (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Toronto).

Thomas, S., Claudatos, S., & Kahan, T. (2013). Phenomenal features of lucid versus non-lucid dreams. International Journal of Dream Research, 6(Suppl), S59. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/issue/view/1337/showToc

Thomas, S., Pollak, M., & Kahan, T. L. (2015). Subjective qualities of dreams with and without awareness. Dreaming, 25(3), 173-189. doi: 10.1037/a0039242

 

Travis, F. (1994). The junction point model: A field model of waking, sleeping, and dreaming, relating dream witnessing, the waking/sleeping transition, and transcendental meditation in terms of a common psychophysiologic state. Dreaming, 4(2), 91-104. doi: 10.1037/h0094404

 

Tsuruta, M. (2015). Cultural differences and similarities in dreams and personal narratives: A comparison between American and Japanese undergraduate and graduate students (Doctoral Dissertation, The New School).

 

Tyson, P. D., Ogilvie, R. D., & Hunt, H. T. (1984). Lucid, prelucid, and nonlucid dreams related to the amount of EEG alpha activity during REM Sleep. Psychophysiology, 21(4), 442-451. doi: 10.1111/1469-8986.ep11068819

 

Vallat, R., Eskinazi, M., Nicolas, A., & Ruby, P. (2018). Sleep and dream habits in a sample of French college students who report no sleep disorders. Journal of Sleep Research. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

van der Kloet, D., Merckelbach, H., Giesbrecht, T., & Lynn, S. J. (2012). Fragmented sleep, fragmented mind: The role of sleep in dissociative symptoms. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7(2), 159-175. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Voss, U. (2010). Lucid dreaming: Reflections on the role of introspection. International Journal of Dream Research, 3(1), 52-53. Retrieved from http://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/598/pdf_22

 

Voss, U., & Hobson, A. (2015). What is the state-of-the-art on lucid dreaming? Recent advances and questions for future research. Open MIND. Retrieved from http://open-mind.net/DOI?isbn=9783958570306

 

Voss, U., Frenzel, C., Koppehele-Gossel, J., & Hobson, A. (2012). Lucid dreaming: An age-dependent brain dissociation. Journal of Sleep Research, 21(6), 634-642. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2869.2012.01022.x/full

 

Voss, U., Holzmann, R., Tuin, I., & Hobson, J. (2009). Lucid dreaming: a state of consciousness with features of both waking and non-lucid dreaming. Sleep, 32(9), 1191-1200. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2737577/

 

Voss, U., Scheremelleh-Engel, K., Windt, J., Frenzel, C., & Hobson, A. (2013). Measuring consciousness in dream: The lucidity and consciousness in dreams scale. Consciousness and Cognition, 22, 8-21. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Voss, U., D’Agostino, A., Kolibius, L., Klimke, A., Scarone, S., & Hobson, A. (2018). Insight and dissociation in lucid dreaming and psychosis. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 2164. Retrieved from https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02164/full

Voss, U., Holzmann, R., Hobson, A., Paulus, W., Koppehele-Gossel, J., Klimke, A., & Nitsche, M. A. (2014). Induction of self-awareness in dreams through frontal low current stimulation of gamma activity. Nature Neuroscience, 17(6), 810-812. Retrieved from http://www.mrgalusha.org/uploads/5/5/4/8/5548294/induction_of_self_awareness....pdf

 

Waggoner, R. (2011). Can physical healing occur in lucid dreams? Lucid Dream Exchange, 58, 17-18. Retrieved from http://www.dreaminglucid.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/LDE-58-Spring-March-2011.pdf

 

Waggoner, R. (2012, December). Precognitive dream contest won with lucid dreaming boost. Lucid Dream Experience, 1(3), 17-18. Retrieved from http://www.dreaminglucid.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/2012-vol1-no3-WINTER.pdf

 

Waggoner, R. (2013). Using lucid dreaming to excel at sports: The story of Mark Hettmanczyk. Lucid Dreaming Experience, 2(3), 11-12. Retrieved from http://www.dreaminglucid.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/2013-vol2-no3-Winter.pdf

 

Wallace, B.A. (2008). Dream practices: Comparing dream yoga and lucid dreaming [Audio podcast]. Buddhist geeks. Retrieved from http://www.buddhistgeeks.com/2008/08/bg-084-dream-practices-comparing-dream-yoga-and-lucid-dreaming/

 

Wallin, D. J. (1977). Intentional dreaming: An active approach to the imagery of sleep (Doctoral Dissertation, The Wright Institute).

Walsh, R. (1995). Phenomenological mapping: A method for describing and comparing states of consciousness. The Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 27, 25–56. Retrieved from http://www.atpweb.org/jtparchive/trps-27-95-01-025.pdf

 

Walsh, R., & Shapiro, S. L. (2006). The meeting of meditative disciplines and western psychology: A mutually enriching dialogue. American Psychologist, 61(3), 227-239. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Watson, D. (2001). Dissociations of the night: Individual differences in sleep-related experiences and their relation to dissociation and schizotypy. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110(4), 526-535. Retrieved from http://ir.uiowa.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1005&context=psychology_pubs

 

Williams, S. K. (1987). Dreaming (& waking) lucidity and healing lucid dreams or resolution dreams for healing? Lucidity Letter, 6(1). Retrieved from https://journals.macewan.ca/lucidity/article/view/742/683

 

Wilson, D. L. (2007). An exploratory study on the players of “Dungeons and Dragons” (Doctoral Dissertation, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology). Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Wilson, E. P. (2018). “Room, door... room”: Oneiric space in L’Avventura and Last Year in Marienbad. Dreaming, 28(2), 162-168. 

Windt, J. M. (2013). Minding the dream self: Perspectives from the analysis of self-experience in dreams. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 36(6), 633. doi:10.1017/S0140525X13001477

 

Windt, J. M., Harkness, D. L., & Lenggenhager, B. (2014). Tickle me, I think I might be dreaming! Sensory attenuation, self-other distinction, and predictive processing in lucid dreams. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8717. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4166313/

 

Wolpin, M., Marston, A., Randolph, C., & Clothier, A. (1992). Individual difference correlates of reported lucid dreaming frequency and control. Journal of Mental Imagery, 16, 231–236. 

 

Wolman, R. N., & Kozmová, M. (2007). Last night I had the strangest dream: Varieties of rational thought processes in dream reports. Consciousness and Cognition, 16(4), 838-849. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2006.09.009

 

Womack, Y. (2003). Milk of the snow lioness: Numinous presence in spiritually transformative dreams (Doctoral Dissertation, California Institute of Integral Studies).

 

Worsley, A. (1988). Dream lucidity induction and control. Lucidity Letter, 7(1), 33-36. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

 

Wren-Lewis, J. (1991). Dream lucidity and near-death experience: A personal report. Lucidity Letter, 10(1&2). Retrieved from http://www.sawka.com/spiritwatch/sectiona.htm

 

Yokuşoğlu, Ç., Atasoy, M., Tekeli, N., Ural, A., Ulus, Ç., Taylan, Y., Aydin, G., Gültekin, G., Emül, M. (2017). A survey focusing on lucid dreaming, metacognition, and dream anxiety in medical students. Archives of Neuropsychiatry, 54, 255-259. Retrieved from http://www.noropsikiyatriarsivi.com/sayilar/440/buyuk/255-259.pdf

 

Young, S. (1999). Dream practices in medieval Tibet. Dreaming, 9(1), 23-42. doi: 10.1023/A:1021364909895

 

Yu, C. (2008). Dream Intensity Inventory and Chinese people's dream experience frequencies. Dreaming, 18(2), 94-111. doi: 10.1037/1053-0797.18.2.94

 

Yu, C. (2014a). Normality, pathology, and dreaming. Dreaming, 24(3), 203-216. doi: 10.1037/a0037306

 

Yu., C. (2014b). Psychopathological symptoms as a function of trauma, dreams, and inhibitions. Dreaming, 24(4), 309-322. Retrieved from http://www.sakkyndig.com/psykologi/artvit/yu2014.pdf

 

Yuschak, T. (2007). Pharmacological induction of lucid dreams. AdvancedLD, Ltd: Lewis Center, OH.    

                 

Yuschak, T. (2008). Substances that facilitate lucid dreaming: A case study. 

 

Zadra, A. (1991). Lucid dreaming as a learnable skill: Empirical and clinical findings (Master's thesis, McGill University Montreal). Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Zadra, A. L. (1994). Dimensions of repetition and negative affect in dreams and their relation to psychological well-being (Doctoral dissertation, McGill University).

 

Zadra, A. L., & Pihl, R. O. (1997). Lucid dreaming as a treatment for recurrent nightmares. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 66(1), 50-55. PMID: 8996716

 

Zadra, A. L., Donderi, D. C., & Pihl, R. O. (1992). Efficacy of lucid dream induction for lucid and non-lucid dreamers. Dreaming, 2(2), 85-97. Retrieved from Google Scholar database

Zakirov, F., Gultekin, G., Yuksek, E., Yavuzer, H., & Emul, M. (2015). The lucidity features and dream anxiety level in elderly patients with generalized anxiety disorder. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 25(suppl_2), S560-S561. 

Zappaterra, M., Jim, L., & Pangarkar, S. (2014). Chronic pain resolution after a lucid dream: A case for neural plasticity? Medical Hypotheses, 82(3), 286-290. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2013.12.011

 

Zingrone, N. L., Alvarado, C. S., & Agee, N. (2009). Psychological correlates of aura vision: dissociation, absorption, and synaesthesia-like experiences. Australian Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis, 37(2), 131-168. Retrieved from http://www.hypnosisaustralia.org.au/wp-content/uploads/journal/AJCEH_Vol37_No2_NOV09.pdf#page=63

 

Zink, N., & Pietrowsky, R. (2013). Relationship between lucid dreaming, creativity and dream characteristics. International Journal of Dream Research, 6(3), 98-103. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/10640/pdf_50

 

Zink, N., & Pietrowsky, R. (2015). Theories of dreaming and lucid dreaming: An integrative review towards sleep, dreaming and consciousness. International Journal of Dream Research, 8(1), 35-53. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/10640/pdf_50

 

Zunker, M., Althoff, H. K., Apel, J., Lässig, H. S., Schültke, L., & Schredl, M. (2015). Comparing questionnaire and diary measures for eliciting nightmare frequency. International Journal of Dream Research, 8(2), 129-134. Retrieved from https://journals.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/23395/pdf

Copyright © 2017-2019 LucidDreamCoaching, LLC. All rights reserved. Terms of ServicePrivacy Policy.